Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
STRESS AS A BODILY RESPONSE;
THE BODY'S RESPONSE TO STRESS, INCLUDING THE PITUATRY ADRENAL SYSTEM AND THE
SYMPATHOMEDULLARY PATHWAY IN OUTLINE
STRESS RELATED ILL NESS AND THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
STRESS IN EVERY DAY LIFE;
LIFE CHANGES AND DAILY HASSLES AS SOURCES OF STRESS
WORKPLACE STRESS INCLUDING THE EFFECTS OF WORKLOAD AND CONTROL
PERSONALITY FACTORS INCLUDING TYPE A AND B BEHAVIOUR, HARDINESS
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND BIOLOGICAL METHODS OF STRESS MANAGEMENT,
INCLUDING STRESS INOCULATION THERAPY AND DRUG THERAPY
What is stress?
Stress- a state of psychological…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

The central nervous system
The cortex and parts of the limbic system (particularly the amygdale and hippocampus) are involved
in appraising a situation, retrieving memories of similar situations and deciding if the situation is
stressful
The endocrine system
Responsible for the production of hormones and stimulated by the action of the autonomic nervous
system and parts of the CNS (cerebrum and hypothalamus).…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

STRESS AND ILLNESS
Seyle's General Adaptive System (Gas)
AIMS- to investigate the relationship between long term stress and illness
PROCEDURES- gave rat's repeated daily bacterial injections
FINDINGS- noticed that the rats developed similar stress related symptoms similar to hospital
patients such as gastric ulcers
CONCLUSIONS- led to development of a three stage model of how the body responds to stressors
THE ALARM STAGE Involves the arousal of the sympathetic nervous system and prepares the
body for fight or flight
THE REISTANCE STAGE Where the body…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Another criticism of the study is as it was performed on animals so we cannot
generalise it to humans.
STRESS AND THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
Natural immunity- made up of white blood cells in the blood stream attack non-specifically, fast
response system
Specific immunity- Based on cells called lymphocytes, have ability to develop anti-bodies
specifically to destroy them
FIGHT OR FLIGHT?
The sympathetic branch prepares the body for activity.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Death of a spouse; Gerra found individuals who had recently experienced unexpected bereavement
show lower levels of lymphocytes compared to non-bereavement controls
Caregiving; caregivers are frequently isolated and have overwhelming
demands on their resources, caregiving can be both emotionally and
physically draining and compared to matched controls those who were care
givers tend to show poorer immune functions.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

It was however ecologically valid as the questionnaire was
based on real life experiences.
DAILY HASSLES
Delongis et al (1982)
Daily hassles-the on-going stresses and strains of daily living
Uplifts- the `pick ups' in everyday life
Research into uplifts
Gervais (2005) compared the life events scale and their own daily hassles scale to see which a
better prediction of later health problems was; this scale also included daily uplifts.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

CONCLUSIONS- Type A behaviour patterns increase vulnerability to heart disease. Behaviour
modification programmes can reduce type A behaviour and so this should result in fewer people
getting heart disease.
CRITICISMS- It was not an experimental study so cause and effect cannot be established, other
studies have failed to show the link between type A and coronary heart disease. The
study only involved men and so cannot be generalised to women. The study was
however reliable as it was a structured interview and so easily replicable.…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

Hardiness training (psychological method of stress management)
Focusing: train and encourage to spot signs of stress such as muscle tension, allows
recognition of stressful situations
Reliving stressful situations: analysis of situations in terms of how resolved, ways of
which could've been better or worse
Self-improvement: belief we can cope with life's challenges
WORKPLACE STRESSORS
STRESSOR DEFINITION
PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT
WORK OVERLOAD
LACK OF CONTROL
ROLE OF AMBIGUITY
METHODS OF STRESS MANAGEMENT
DRUGS
Explanation:
Benzodiaphines: they act by reducing central arousal, these enhance GABA which tells
neurons…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Here's a taster:

Beta blockers: work by reducing the activity of adrenaline and nor adrenaline, they bind to
beta-adrenergic receptors and therefore block the receptor from being stimulate. This
blocks sympathetic arousal and so the heartbeat slows down reducing blood pressure.
Evaluation
Drugs can be prescribed immediately making it a very practical form of treatment.
They may also be used to alleviate distress following trauma. Hidalgo found that
BZ's in particular were more effective than other drugs such as antidepressants.…read more

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all resources »