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Participation and Voting Behaviour
Ekklesia UK Wide
assembly) decide
Devolved bodies Referenda
the issues of
People's Court (Scottish
peace and war
Parliament etc.) Government
Formed by largest
party in the House
Executive Selection by lot
Council from a panel of
(500 men over 30 volunteers on a
selected to serve case-by-case House of
for 1 year periods) basis Commons
Voters elect
representatives to
act on their behalf
Electorate Electorate
Direct democracy in Ancient Athens Indirect democracy in the United Kingdom…read more

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Participation and Voting Behaviour
Direct vs. Indirect Democracy
Direct Democracy Indirect Democracy
4 4
Allows the public to decide on Better suited to modern democracies;
everything; Faster;
Difficult for corruption to influence Less expensive;
things. Representatives are (usually) experts.
8 8
Slow; Can be corrupt;
Expensive on a large scale. Public may not get what they want.…read more

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Participation and Voting Behaviour
Liberal democracies
Most Western democracies are known as, `liberal
democracies'. Liberal democracies feature:
i. Free elections
ii. The right to oppose
iii. Popular control of policy makers
iv. Political equality (one person, one vote)
v. Law making by elected representatives
vi. Majority rule…read more

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Participation and Voting Behaviour
Liberal democracies
They also feature:
The existence of diverse centres of economic and political power, involving
a choice of political parties and the existence of many pressure groups.
Checks and limitations on the power of the government to secure essential
Limited Government
Civil liberties and The existence of essential public freedoms, often written in law (e.g. the
rights freedom of assembly and speech, the right to vote and to a fair trial).
Open Government Non-secretive government that can be seen as fair and accountable.
A just, impartial and independent legal system based on equal access to
Independent judiciary
the law.
Newspapers and broadcasting being allowed to operate freely without
Free and open media
government pressure.…read more

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Participation and Voting Behaviour
Forms of participation
In established democracies, participation is usually
voluntary (except Australia, Belgium and Greece where
voting is compulsory)
In non-democratic countries however, people may be
forced to vote and persuaded to do so by soldiers or the
police or they may feel forced to join a political party. This is
called forced or manipulated participation.…read more

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Really amazing resource with detailed and concise notes- thankyou!


Rated Highly. Thankyou :)

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