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Re-urbanisation is the movement of people back into urban areas.
There are three main processes of re-urbanisation:
1. The in-movement of individuals or groups of individuals into older housing that was in a state of
disrepair and the improvement of that housing
2. The in-movement of people as part of large scale investment programmes aimed at urban
3. The move towards sustainable communities allowing individuals and communities who live in city
centres to have access to a home, a job and a reliable income as well as a reasonable quality of life
Pull Factors Push Factors
The movement of industry and businesses out of cities may leave land There may be a lack of jobs in
derelict. rural or suburban areas
Government policies often favour redevelopment of brownfield sites in
Urban Development Corporations were set up in the UK to regenerate Rural areas provide fewer
derelict urban areas and provide a more attractive environment for leisure or entertainment
people to live and work. They have the power to buy land in a city and facilities
plan how the land should be used in order to encourage businesses and
people to move back into regenerated areas.
Most universities are based in urban areas, so young people move their Counter-urbanisation may
for education cause high house prices in rural
Young single people often want to live close to their work in areas with
good entertainment services
Once reurbanisation has started it tends to continue as soon as few
businesses invest and people start to return it encourages other
businesses to invest
Re-urbanisation has Impacts on the City Centre
Positive Impacts Negative Impacts
As people move back into the city, new shops and Original residents in the area being re-urbanised are
services open which boosts the economy often on low incomes and may not be able to afford
housing as prices increase
As shops and businesses return, jobs are created so There may be tension between the original
less unemployment residents and new residents
Tourism in the city may increase if the city centre is Jobs created in new businesses may not be
improved which bring in money which can be spent accessible to the original residents, many of whom
on improving the area even more are unskilled or semi-skilled
Local state schools can benefit from the increased Shops and services catering to the newer, more
number of students wealthier residents mean for the original residents,
shops are too expensive
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Case Study: London Docklands
The London Docklands are on the River Thames in the east of the city.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries the docks were globally important - there was lots of economic activity.
From the 1960's onwards the docks began to decline because of changes in the shipping industry.
By 1980 large areas of the Dockland were in a derelict state.
150,000 people had lost their jobs and 20% of housing was not suitable for living in.…read more