American Depression and the New Deal Notes

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GCSE History Miss Hagan Unit 2 Revision Notes: Depression and the New deal
St Thomas More high school
America: Depression and
the New Deal
Revision Notes
Miss Hagan GCSE History
Laura Newland 11O
1
Laura Newland 11O

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GCSE History Miss Hagan Unit 2 Revision Notes: Depression and the New deal
In the 1920s many people had benefited from the `boom'. Confidence in the Stock Exchange was really high
and the standard of living in the USA was very high. However in 1929, prices fell and the aspects of the
`boom' we all destroyed. Many business and banks became bankrupt and had to close down. By 1932 one
quarter of the workforce was unemployed.…read more

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GCSE History Miss Hagan Unit 2 Revision Notes: Depression and the New deal
Many people lost confidence in the USA, especially after the `boom' of the last decade. Many
Americans blamed the greed of business leaders for the resulting depression.
In cities and towns wages suffered a drop in income rapidly for 1929-32. Weekly earnings had
dropped from $28 a week to $22 and continued to fall into 1933. Unemployment was bias as it was
more common for industry workers and particularly blacks.…read more

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GCSE History Miss Hagan Unit 2 Revision Notes: Depression and the New deal
In 1930, with huge unemployment about, Hoover tried to coordinate with existing volunteering
agencies, which would give help to the poor in the states of America.
By late 1931, most states were nearly bankrupt from providing the relief programs in their areas.
Hoover was forced to employ the Emergency relief act, which provided $300,000 million to help the
unemployed people all of the USA.…read more

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GCSE History Miss Hagan Unit 2 Revision Notes: Depression and the New deal
For example he increased tax so that they would have an extra $20 million on relief. This helped a lot
of people in the winter seasons.
Roosevelt created the impression that he would act. He also spoke of the need to remember the
forgotten man. He said "I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people. This is
more than a political campaign.…read more

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GCSE History Miss Hagan Unit 2 Revision Notes: Depression and the New deal
Roosevelt aimed to increase farming's efficiency by ending overproduction. He would do this by farming
less to increase prices and finding jobs for unemployed farmers.
So the AAA was formed, the AAA paid farmers to produce less crops as it would drive price up
However there was a lot of criticism as millions of Americans were starving.…read more

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GCSE History Miss Hagan Unit 2 Revision Notes: Depression and the New deal
They lived in camps were proved with food and shelter and received a small wage.
They planted 1.3 billion trees, contributed to all aspects of work in the countryside- forest fires- they
also put up telephone lines for those in remote areas.
The CCC provided training for many people which benefited them in the future.
However the CCC was criticised for focusing on mostly White, single men.…read more

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GCSE History Miss Hagan Unit 2 Revision Notes: Depression and the New deal
The river Tennessee ran through seven of the poorest states in the USA. It caused problems. In the
summer it was almost dry due to the droughts, and then in the rainy seasons it flooded destroying
everything in its path.
The people lived in poverty, so it was up to the TVA to stop the problems.
The TVA was a detailed scheme to improve the whole area.…read more

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GCSE History Miss Hagan Unit 2 Revision Notes: Depression and the New deal
The Second New deal succeeded in keeping the new deal going. Roosevelt was re-elected in 1936, so
the American people in theory had to like the ideas of his reforms.
However in 1937, unemployment was still at the high level of 6 million. Roosevelt became concerned
with the amount of government spending and cut back on some programs, with horrific results.…read more

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GCSE History Miss Hagan Unit 2 Revision Notes: Depression and the New deal
In March 1941, Roosevelt got congress to support the lend-lease program which allowed Britain to
obtain materials without payment from the USA.
This meant the USA Could no longer pretend to be neutral.
In December 1941, Japan bombed Pearl Harbour in Hawaii, the USA declared war on Japan which
resulted in Hitler joining forces with Japan- This resulted in formal declaration of War on Germany from
the USA.…read more

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