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History Revision Notes- USA 1919-1941
Why did America become isolationists?
The American people had not wanted to go into World War One - America did not join in
until 1917 - and when the war ended they rejected the Treaty of Versailles and the League
of Nations. This is called 'isolationism' - the desire to keep out of foreign affairs.
Remember IMAGE.…read more

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History Revision Notes- USA 1919-1941
The government also clamped down on immigration crimes such as the Sacco and Vanzetti
The Case: Sacco and Vanzetti were two Italian immigrants whom were convicted for armed
robbery and murder in May 1920. Although filmsy evidence and eye witnesses proved that
they were somewhere else, as they were self-confessed anarchists the case became more
about their radical way of thinking and they were convicted and executed for this.…read more

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History Revision Notes- USA 1919-1941…read more

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History Revision Notes- USA 1919-1941
Who didn't benefit from the boom?
Farmers were able to grow more crops because of inventions like combiners, but now that
Europe could grow crops from themselves, supply started to outweigh demand. As a
result, food prices dropped and many farmers' incomes were lowered. They found it
increasingly difficult to keep up with their mortgage and some were evicted/had to sell
their land. Farm labourers moved to California where fruit farms promised work.
Prohibition also hit barley production.…read more

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History Revision Notes- USA 1919-1941
was made in 1917 by the Dixieland Jazz Band. They were called 'race records', because
they were recorded by black musicians.
Because it was often played in speakeasies, by black musicians, it was seen as wild and
exciting - which soon made it very popular.
Skyscrapers- skyscrapers were a sign of prosperity cities both big and small built
skyscrapers to show that their town was involved in the boom.…read more

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History Revision Notes- USA 1919-1941
neighbourhoods after a drowning black man clinging to a log had drifted into a whites-only
swimming area.
In 1919 - as the result of a long and powerful campaign (see Source B) - the 18th
Amendment to the Constitution made the manufacture, transport or sale of alcoholic
drinks illegal. The Volstead Act, passed at the same time, declared any drink more than
5% proof 'alcoholic'.…read more

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History Revision Notes- USA 1919-1941
They fought with each other for control of their 'territory' - the most famous
incident was the
St Valentine's Day Massacre in 1929, when 'torpedoes' from Capone's gang shot
dead 7 members of Bugs Moran's gang.
Why was there a Great Crash in 1929?
Wall Street over-heated:
Between 1924-29 the value of shares rose 5 times.
Share prices rose way beyond what the firms they were shares were worth;
only speculation kept up the over-inflated prices.…read more

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History Revision Notes- USA 1919-1941
Some people lost their homes as they could not pay back the mortgages.
Some who had savings lost their money as banks collapsed.
Confidence was shattered ­ many faced unemployment and reduced hours and
wages. Many people were homeless, starving and became tramps.
What caused the great depression?
1. Stock Market Crash of 1929
Many believe erroneously that the stock market crash that occurred on Black Tuesday,
October 29, 1929 is one and the same with the Great Depression.…read more

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History Revision Notes- USA 1919-1941
What were the effects of the
By 1933 unemployment reached 25 per cent. In industrial cities of the north the rate was
even higher as factories and businesses cut down on production or shut down completely.
Black people were hit especially hard, as in 1931 70% of black people were unemployed.
Hundreds and thousands of Americans took to the toads and travelled as hobos trying to
find jobs.…read more


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