Paper 2 revision notes

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NOTES ON THE USA
TOPICS :
BOOM & BUST ( BUDDIES)
Topic 1 : HOW FAR DID THE US ECONOMY BOOM IN THE 1920s?
Factors that influenced the Boom ( remember all of them and HOW they created
the Boom )
Industries that did not prosper : Old industries, Agriculture ( again WHY did these
Industries not prosper )
Questions for 4 / 6 marks are simple and mostly factual
What problems did farmers face? Over production, tariffs, repossessed land
What Industries did not prosper? Farming, textile, coal
What problems did farmers face in the 1920s?
Questions for 10 marks will give you a statement and again a do you agree or how far....
The motor car industry or any other factor for eg Republican policies was the main reason
for the economic boom of the 1920s. Do you agree No, describe 2 other ways as well as the
one theyve given
Again deal with the agreement / disagreement. Explain HOW and then go on to explain the
other factors. BUT remember to refer back to the question LINKING the HOW part of the
question.
TOPIC 2 : HOW FAR DID THE US SOCIETY CHANGE IN THE 1920s
THE GOOD
THE ROARING TWENTIES : Flappers, Hollywood, Music, Jazz ( remember the dances)
Radio.
Changing role of women : Social, sexual, political and financial independence
THE BAD

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INTOLERANCE
Immigration Quota john reinstein act: quota of 150,000 immigrants a year only
from britain, ireland and germany, not eastern Europe or Italy
Red Scare : Sacco and Vanzetti after Russian revoloution everyone was scared that
communism would take over the world, many people whom were accused of having
soicailist ideas were deported back home and this was another reason why mass
immigration was stopped. There was a robbery at a shoe factory in Massachusetts
where 16,000 were stolen and the staff were shot dead.…read more

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THE UGLY
PROHIBITION & ORGANISED CRIME
Why was it introduced : remember all the reasons and Anti Saloon League it already
existed, moral reasons, campaigners and wwi
18th Amendment Volstead Act 1920 which made the sale, transportation and
manufacture of alcohol illegal
Effects of prohibition : Moonshine, Speakeasies, Boot Leggers , ( William McCoy ) ,
problems with enforcement i.e bribes, corrupt officers there weren't enough officers
they weren't paid enough....…read more

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Also, the poor distribution of wealth between the
counry was another cause. 5% of the worksfoce earned 1/3 of the national average.
The only people who could afford new pruccts and developments were the rich who
eventually had everthying they wanted, as companies continued to mass produce,
the market became saturated. Companies then started to lose lots of money and
then had to shut down factories, and fire employees. This led to mass
unemployment.…read more

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Industry : NRA (blue eagle logo)
Home Owners : HOLC
Depressed areas : TVA
If you know the above and what each aimed to do you will be fine.
OPPOSITION :
Not doing too much : Radicals : HUEY LONG / Father Townsend / Father Coughlin
Doing too much : Republicans / Businessmen / Rich (traitor to his class)
Supreme Court argued it was unconstitiutial and when he tried to rearrange the s.…read more

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Many people believed he wouldn't do anything constructive
and that he was doing `too little, too late', also, people were so worried and affected by the
depression they just wanted to trust someone else to do something constructive. So many
people were unemployed and facing major social difficulties. They just their livelihoods back
and as Hoover clearly couldn't help them they opted for the other candidate. Although,
Roosevelt was an extremely charismatic man who knew how to speak effectively to the
people.…read more

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ANSWERING SOURCE QUESTIONS :
1. Look at the WIDER PICTURE
2. Ask yourself "why did the cartoonist draw this"?
3. What is the message of the cartoon. What is it trying to tell us?
4. Try and answer the question in the first line : The message of this cartoon
is.........
5. Then pick out details in the cartoon and back up with your background
knowledge.
6.…read more

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