The USA 1919 - 1941

I spent some time putting this together through my highlighted notes and summarizing a fair bit from Izzy's pack -

The contents pretty much the same, tweaked a little bit but I thought I'd share this if its easier to use, full credits to Izzy though :D

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  • Created on: 08-10-12 21:37
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The USA 1919 - 1941
The USA during and after WW1
America only joined the first world war when it had to - this was because they didn't want to
get involved in other's affairs.
Before the war Germany had by far the best chemical industry, however when the first world
war hit, America took this chance to 'overtake' this industry and gain new technologies and
better understanding of the arms.
After the war, money was quickly handed on, hand to hand and without fuss, people were
happy and wanted to live life fully.
Overall America came out of the war extremely well with wealth and the best
Causes of the boom
One cause of the economic boom was - The USA after the first world war, basically they
ended up leaving the war extremely powerful not only with wealth but with arms as well.
Another feature could be the fact that Europe owed them a lot of money.
A second cause of the economic boom was - The tariffs America put on imported goods
which guaranteed America profit as the goods imported were more expensive than the
American ones.
A final cause of the economic boom was - The changing industry, many 'luxury' items came
out which allowed people to live a better life and people spent a lot more money on these
items such as 'cars' which was an extremely popular produced product, not only was this for a
main product but it led way to the smaller companies selling 'glass' and other raw materials.
Declining Industries
One feature why farmers were trapped in the 'declining industry' would be overproduction
of their goods. Since Europe weren't needing/buying goods, farmers overproduced crops
which made them saturated as there was no longer a big market for them, and prices would
Another feature why farmers were trapped would be the new technologies around such as
the 'combine harvesters' this is a big problem for farmers and a major cause in the industry
decline as these new 'powerful' machines would get the job done much more efficient
meaning more overproduced crops added to the saturated market, not only this but it meant
that less workers were needed.
A final feature of why farmers were in the declining industry would be the competition for
other countries producing much higher quality produce more efficiently and cheaper.
Coal Industry

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One key feature of why the coal industry was stuck in a decline would be electricity power,
which at the time was the new 'thing' and it was spreading all around America. It was
spreading so fast because of its 'lighting fast fuel' perk, not only this but coal was less
efficient as electricity and caused tons more pollution.
A final key feature would be 'gas' this meant the coal industries had 2 competitions to
compete with to sell their product.…read more

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1920 women were given the vote in USA
They had greater freedom due to labour-saving devices and the car
They played a huge part on the ban of alcohol
The symbol of women at the time was the 'flapper'
These 'flappers' would cut their hair short and wear their skirts shorter and they would party.
They would openly dance with men in public and that's where the Charleston dance was born.…read more

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Racism and Intolerance
As some Americans were experiencing liberation - others were facing intolerance and racism.
Intolerance, these were the four main types -
1. Alcohol intolerance
2. Racist Intolerance
Jim Crow laws
White people were nasty at the time and saw black people as inferior, this committed terrible
crimes. This was mainly down to the KKK that was originally formed to terrorise African American
slaves after they had been given freedom.
3. Political Intolerance
4.…read more

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Made tons of people homeless.
Hoovers actions
Hoover reduced taxes - this mainly just benefited the wealthy
He tried to help the farmers with the Federal farming board, which purchase surplus crops in
an attempt to keep up prices
The federal home loan bank act passed in July 1932 was designed to stimulate home building
and increase home ownership among American. Hoover set up twelve regional banks with
$125 million to help fund.…read more

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Fair Labour Standards Act (1938) set hours and conditions of work, it fixed a minimum wage.…read more

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Thanks so much, I've got the mock exam tomorrow and I think you've saved me, even though it's kind
of old resource to use its helped me so much!…read more


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