All Napoleon Domestic

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  • Created on: 27-12-12 15:19
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Napoleon Domestic
1797 Fructidor ­ Royalists expelled from the assembly
1798 Floreal ­ Jacobin expelled from the assembly
1799 Prairial ­ Removal of 2 ineffective Directors, Carnot and Bartholomey.
1799 Dec ­ Constitution of year VIII (8) Napoleon = First Consul
1800 Feb ­ Bank of France founded, Central Treasury was reorganised
1801 July ­ Concordat with the Pope
1802 Apr ­ Organic Articles
Aug ­ Napoleon = First Consul for life, Constitution was modified, making it less democratic,
Legion of Honour was introduced
1803 ­ New metal coinage introduced
1804 ­ Civil Code was introduced
May ­ Senate proclaimed Napoleon Emperor of the French
Dec ­ Coronation at Notre Dame
1805 ­ Secondary schools were introduced
1806 ­ Bank of France was brought under state control
1808 ­ Imperial University was founded (Ministry of Education)
Imperial Titles were introduced (eg `grand dignatories' = princes etc)
1809 ­ Censors were appointed to each paper
Dec ­ Divorce of Josephine
1810 ­ Arbitrary imprisonment without trial was established
Apr ­ Marriage to Marie-Louise of Austria0
1811 Mar ­ Birth of Napoleon's son (King of Rome)
Bourgeoisie ­ Wealthy urban middle class ­ (name also given by some French historians to all
eighteenth-century property owners including landowners)
Émigré ­ Royalist who went into exile during the revolution
Notables ­ Wealthy landowners and property owners, noble and non-noble, used by Napoleon as
government officials.
Kind ­ Product instead of money.
Assignats ­ Paper money backed by Church lands.
Demonetising ­ New currency with coins.
Sans-culottes ­ urban workers who supported the revolution.
Egypt- welcomed back - Lucien (brother) president of 500
Sieyés wanted army support changes to constitution - needed napoleon
Napoleon modification - coup form three consuls and new constitution
18th Brumaire- ancients to Saint-Cloud
Napoleon spoke to ancients and then 500 -attacked- passed law of brumaire
Paris indiferent
Constitution of year VIII
Napoleon 1st consul- real power, made laws, control officials, decide FP
Two revolutionary colleagues
Consuls-senate-tribunate-legislature-conseil d'état
6 million voted for approved candidates
1800 plebiscite showed support
1802- system to complex- abandoned- first consul for life

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· Needed support of biens nationaux buyers to prevent royalist reaction- made right to vote
dependant on tax and secured lands
· Plebiscite showed support for first consul for life
· Still royalist threat and 1804 assassination attempt
· Senate decreed Napoleon should be declared Emperor of the French- approved by
· Crowned self and wife in Notre Dame
· Restore order after revolution
· Dominate europe
· Improve economy while restricting middle and lower classes but not far
The Directory
The…read more

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For 1799 itself, Napoleon resolved to confine the Tribunate and the Legislature purely to
financial and administrative matters.
Many of the articles in Le Moniteur, the official government newspaper, were written by
Napoleon himself.
Fouche from 1799 to 1810, controlled the four regional police divisions and was responsible
for the secret police (surete), censorship, prision surveillance, food prices and the money
Fouche sent Napoleon a daily digest of information drawn from his subordinates.
Political apathy.…read more

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Believed freedom of press dangerous
1810- provincial papers down to one per departement
Could only report official news as in military journals
Publishers needed a licence and oath of loyalty
some encouraged for positive portrayal of napoleon -arc de triumph (1809)
The Law
Although the code was the work of professional jurists, it was Napoleon himself who took
the initiative in forcing it through, as he presided at thirty-six of the eighty-four sessions.…read more

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Despite his talk of creating a society in which all careers would be open to talent in practise,
Napoleon's education policies favoured those from the property owning classes & in
particular, from the military elite.
It was almost impossible for those of lower birth to obtain the education needed for bettet
careers.…read more

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Within France itself, the Code survived virtually unaltered for more than 150 years and even
today it has not been fundamentally changed. In many ways the Code was the most enduring
aspect of the Revolution.…read more

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Tried to stimulate the French economy through this system, more French good
o Failed as france and continent needed french goods
o Some parts of france benefitted
Only 29% in 1813, of the states revenue came from direct taxation, the bulk of the
remainder came from taxes on alcohol etc & monopolies such as tobacco.
4/5 of government expenditure went on the military.…read more



The Imperial University was founded in 1808 not 1803.

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