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Alexander the 2nd was born in
1818.
·Succeeded to throne in 1855
due to the death of his father.
·He was now Alexander the Tsar
of Russia.
·He had a good education that
included world history, natural
science and languages; French,
German, Polish and English.…read more

Slide 3

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He took to the throne at the height
of the Crimean War.
·Alexander the 2nd was referred to
as...
`'the best prepared heir-apparent
ever to ascend the Russian throne''
·He had a practical mind combined
with the sense of duty to improve the
well being of his people.…read more

Slide 4

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In response he undertook drastic
reform...
· Improving communication
· Government
· Education
· Most importantly he freed the serfs in
1861
· His reforms reduced class privilege
and economic development.…read more

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Freedom is always better than
slavery, yet freedom without
the ability to acquire property
or upward social mobility
imposes a new kind of slavery.
As this did not make them land
owners.
· Little wonder that for years
after the 1861 act, peasants
still believed that proper
freedom was still in the future.
·Many could not afford to rent
any land as it was highly
priced.…read more

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Military spending sky-rocketed
·In 1876 a Bulgarian revolt against the Turks was brutally
crushed causing a public outcry in Russia.
·Alexander was reluctant to fight but he declared war the next
· year.
·It took him another year to win ­ 200,000 Russian soldiers were
Killed, but after 500 years of Turkish rule Bulgaria was
back on the map.
·Most of all England and Austria-Hungary were anxious
about Russia's increasing influence gathered in Berlin
calling for another treaty.
·Not able to afford another war, Alexander could only
watch as much of his efforts were erased.…read more

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