Alexander iii

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  • Alexander ii
    • 1855-1881
    • tried to modernise Russia
    • Tsar Liberator
    • Emancipation of the Serfs - 1861 - 25 million, 80% of the population were Serfs. However, they had to buy their freedom (49 years of paying taxes)
    • Political and Judicial reform. 1864- introduced 1st form of elective and representative government in Russia but limited it to the educated and wealthy. A network of elective councils- Zemstvos
    • Trial-by-Jury. voice to the people, not biased, fairer and freer trials.
    • Relaxation of the controls of the press and of universities
    • created reforms to suppress opposition of the tsarist government
    • greeted with with enthusiasm by progressives and support of Intelligentsia (educated, literate and more enlightened Russians)
    • fearful that he had gone too far, he didn't want to compromise his power as an autocrat. Abandoned his reformist policies and returned to the tsarist tradition of oppression.
    • Assassinated by a group of Social Revolutionaries. People's Will. 1st March 1881. in St Petersburg. Led to Alexander iii building the 'Church of Spilt Blood' in his honour.




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