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Consider the significance of the "invisible primary" in the presidential nomination process. (10 marks)
Point Evidence Significance
Definition. The invisible primary is the period of time before the primary and The invisible primary is significant because it is the first
caucus season of the US presidential nomination process begins. stage in the presidential nomination process, and it
Candidates announce their intentions to run for their party's allows the candidates to gain money , media attention
nomination. and political momentum.…read more

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The advantages of primary elections vastly outweigh their disadvantages in the selection of each party's
presidential nominee.' Discuss. (30 marks)
Point Evidence Significance Rebuttal
Primaries are Frontloading is when an increasing number of states schedule Leads to "permanent
disadvantageous their presidential primaries or caucuses earlier in the presidential campaigns" that
because they are nomination process. alienate voters and
too long. The number of state holding their primaries or caucuses before result in low turnout.…read more

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They show the parties who can win in different parts of the more likely to win the candidates could still be
who the best country in preparation for the national campaign. election. shown by having a shorter
candidates are. In 2008, many suggested that Obama was a stronger candidate The candidate is more but more intensive
because of his long, gruelling primary battle with Hillary Clinton. likely to be a better nomination process.
president who will
make better policy
decisions.…read more

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Examine the significance of the caucus system in the presidential nomination process. (10 marks)
Point Evidence Significance
Definition. Caucuses are meetings of Democratic and Republican Party activists or strong Caucuses are significant because they are
party identifiers to express their preferences for candidates in the presidential still a legitimate method of electing a
nomination process, usually through a show of hands or gathering in groups.…read more

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Assess the significance of frontloading in the presidential nomination process. (10 marks)
Point Evidence Significance
Definition. Frontloading is when an increasing number of states schedule their presidential Frontloading is significant because leads
primaries or caucuses earlier in the presidential nomination process. to "permanent campaigns" that alienate
"Super Tuesday" began in the 1980s as a means for Southern states to have more voter, cause political apathy and result
influence by all holding their primaries and caucuses on one day in February or in low turnout.…read more

Page 7

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To what extent have the role and functions of the national nominating conventions been reduced to mere
formalities? (30 marks)
Point Evidence Significance Rebuttal
Conventions Parties often locate their conventions in key swing states to Can influence the
are not try to impact the undecided voters there, such as the outcome of the
mere Democrats choosing North Carolina and the Republicans in election.
formalities Florida in 2012.…read more

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In May 2014, the Nevada state convention voted to remove
opposition to samesex marriage and abortion from the
Nevada Republican Party Platform, even though the 2012
Republican National Party Platform was firmly opposed to
samesex marriage and abortion.…read more

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Too long, too expensive and too dominated by style rather than substance." Evaluate this view of the US
presidential nomination process (invisible primary, primaries/caucuses and the national nominating conventions).
(30 marks)
Point Evidence Significance Rebuttal
The Candidates can announce their intention to run for their party's Leads to "permanent
presidential nomination up to 18 months before the presidential election.…read more

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May increase turnout an advantage that
by style rather amongst younger voters nominees for such a
than or less educated voters powerful position are
substance . who are less interested decided by the way that
in policy matters. they look and conduct
themselves.
Consider the significance of the selection of vicepresidential candidates in the US nomination process. (10 marks)
Point Evidence Significance
Definition. Until 1980, the vicepresidential candidate or "running mate" was The selection of vicepresidential
chosen and announced during the National Party Convention.…read more

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