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Assess the advantages and disadvantages of primaries and caucuses. (30 marks)
Point Evidence Significance Rebuttal
Primaries and The members of the electorate who turnout to primaries and Undermines pluralist
caucuses are caucuses are generally old, white, educated, affluent and democracy and may
disadvantageou ideological , therefore they are unrepresentative of the whole promote elitism .
s because they electorate.…read more

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To what extent are national nominating conventions mere formalities? (30 marks)
Point Evidence Significance Rebuttal
Convention The large media focus on the candidates in the 3 or 4 day Can influence the
s are not "jamboree" is good publicity for their campaign. results of the election.
mere o In 2008, John McCain's acceptance speech attracted 38.9 Could be democratic
formalities million viewers and Obama's acceptance speech as voters may vote
because attracted 38.4 million viewers .…read more

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In May 2014, the Nevada state convention voted to
remove opposition to samesex marriage and abortion
from the Nevada Republican Party Platform, even though
the 2012 Republican National Party Platform was firmly
opposed to samesex marriage and abortion.
To what extent is the Electoral College the best method of electing the US President? (30 marks)
There are 538 votes in total in the Electoral College and a candidate needs 270 votes to win.…read more

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Redistricting also leads to fairness because states which alienation of less on population size, but it only
fair. grow in population are rewarded by more electors or educated voters from has 55.
with less as their population falls. the political process.…read more

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Presidential Election ­ Obama refused public funding This may
and raised $745 million during the primaries/election, increase apathy
whereas his opponent John McCain accepted public funding and decrease
so only got $84.1 million in the election. participation.
o 2012 Presidential Election ­ Obama and Mitt Romney both
turned down public funds.…read more

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Assess the advantages and disadvantages of direct democracy (referendums, initiatives/propositions and recall
elections) in the USA. (30 marks)
Point Evidence Significance Rebuttal
Direct Referendums and initiatives/propositions. Highly democratic .
democracy is o In 2012, there were 115 referendums and 42 More in line with the idea of
positive initiatives/propositions .…read more

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To what extent are parties organisationally weak? (30 marks)
Point Evidence Significanc Rebuttal
e
Parties are Weak parties are inevitable in the US political system. Could be
organisationall o America's size and diversity means that parties need to meet the needs of the varying upholding the
y weak demographics in different areas. Founding
because this is o The federal system of government and the separation of powers requires representatives for Fathers' wishes.…read more

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The 2010 midterms were dominated by Republican opposition to Obama's economic therefore the
stimulus (2009) and Obamacare (2010). views of the
electorate may
be less
represented .…read more

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