Woodrow Wilson's Foreign Policy

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  • Woodrow Wilson's Foreign Policy
    • How he acted differently to the Republicans
      • Believed in 'moral diplomacy'
        • Appointed William Jennings Bryan as Secretary of State
        • Both believed that the US shouldn't forcibly tell others how to run their countries
        • US should defend democracy but should also respect the right of self-determination to other states
      • 1913 - signed a treaty with Colombia apologising for Roosevelt's acts of agression
      • 1916 - got Congress to pass the Jones Act
        • Gave the Philippines more political autonomy
      • Encouraged Chinese independence by recognising the new Chinese government
        • Also supported China in a territorial dispute with Japan
    • How he acted similarly to the Republicans
      • 1914 - occupied Nicaragua by force
      • July 1915 - dispatched more than 2,000 Marines to Haiti after assassination of its president
        • Wilson said the Marines would demonstrate to Haitians 'how to elect good men'
        • Troops remained until 1934
      • 1913 - imposed free elections in the Dominican Republic but did not produce a stable government
        • More troops sent in 1915 and stayed for 11 years
      • 1919 - US troops sent to Russia to try and prevent the communists establishing power
      • 1917 - US bought Virgin Islands from Denmark
        • Wilson decided to use America's economic power alongside troops to extend US influence
      • 1913 - Mexican president murdered by rebels led my Victoriano Huerta
        • Wilson condemned murder and sent in troops to support the constitutionalist rebels led by Venustiano Carranza
        • 1914 - US troops blockaded port of Veracruz
        • A settlement was agreed (with support of ABC powers) and Carranza took power and US troops withdrew
        • Second revolt led by Pancho Villa - launched cross-border raids into US and killed 35 American citizens
          • 5,000 US Army regulars sent in response, led by General John J. Pershing and war nearly broke out


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