Social, Political and Economic factors of UK population change

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  • Why has the structure of the UK's population changed?
    • Social
      • Changing status of women
        • Having children later or focusing on careers
          • Many women who put off having children until later struggle with fertility levels
        • Decreasing birthrate across Europe
        • Avg age of women having their first child in 1971 was 26 years old
          • In 2002, it was 29 years old
        • Working full time
    • Economic
      • Changing work patterns are one of the major factors
        • Decline in primary and secondary industries
          • Increase in tertiary industries (provision of services)
          • Primary industry decline due to mechanisation
          • Global shift of manufacturing to SE Asia - cheaper labour and less people in the secondary industries
        • Untitled
        • Rise in school leaving age
          • 1918 = 14
            • 1947 = 15
              • 1972 = 16
                • Rise in school leaving age
                  • 1918 = 14
                    • 1947 = 15
                      • 1972 = 16
      • Political
        • Availability and awareness of contraception
          • Family planning clinics
            • Limiting family size
        • Family planning clinics
          • Limiting family size
        • Legal abortion
          • Untitled

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