Was Collectivization a success? 

Mindmap on Collectivisation as a whole, doesn't really mention much about the Ukrane famine, shall make a serperate mindmap on that :) 

Hope this is useful

sorry for any spelling misrtakes

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  • Created by: Dracupine
  • Created on: 29-03-13 23:55
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  • Was    Collectivization a success?
    • Failure for Government
      • 1917 22 million  and 1940 67 million moved to cities
      • 1928 18% soviets working class 50% 1939
    • Politically successful for Government
      • Grain procured and exported by state increased
      • Tonnes of grain procured
        • 1928- 11 million
        • 1929- 16 million
        • 1933- 23 million
      • Grain exports 1928-  0.03 million tonnes but 1931- 5 million tonnes
      • Increased urban population (larger working force)
      • All farms collectivised by WW2 (1938)
    • Economic Failure
      • Failed to raise agricultural production
      • Those exiled  worked the hardest, resulting in loss of talent and production rate
      • 1933- 9 million tonnes less than 1926 harvest
      • Horses 1/2 between 1928 and 1932
      • Pigs dropped by 65% 1928-1932
      • Hiring tractors was high. Peasants could not afford
        • Did not hire
        • Not as effective as horses
      • Across Russia 1/2 of farms still left out of network
      • 25% peasants household's collectivised. Wages dropped 1/2 & meat consumption fell 2/3rds
    • Political Success for Government
      • Propaganda against Kulaks
        • "Kulak Spirit"  blamed for failures
      • Increase in Urban population (larger working force)
      • MTS/Tractors help count population......
      • Control over peasants
    • Human Cost
      • 9,500,000 - 10 million exiled  dekulakisation
      • 10% of peasants in 1 village.
        • Underpaid
        • unrealistic targets
      • Most Peasants angered by   collectivisation
      • families sent to Siberia to Gulags (Dekulakisation)
        • 1929- 15,000
        • 1930- 240,000
        • 1931- 285,000
      • Cities value of life fell sharply
      • Cannibalism   and        consumption of pets in order to survive
    • "Collectivization  was a political success but an economic failure and a human disaster"

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