Unit 2 Citizenship

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  • Unit 2
    • Section 1 (Concept and Nature of Power)
      • Concept of Power, Authority, Influence, Democracy and Mandate
        • Power
          • The ability to achieve certain aims, politics uses it to govern
        • Authority
          • The ability to exercise power with legitimacy and justification
        • Mandate
          • The permission where citizens give the government authority
        • Democracy
          • A state ruled by people were the citizens vote for their government
        • Influence
      • The Power of the Modern State
        • Derived from the people within it
        • In the UK, the heart of the power lies on the Houses of Parliment
        • Laws are created which population must follow
        • Candidates elected by the citizens mist have their best interests in mind
        • Laws are debated and agreed on
        • To state can enforce these laws through a judiciary
        • By doing this power is seperated
      • Levels which make up the UK government
        • Legislature- power to make laws parliament MP's, examine, debate and vote on bills
      • Who holds political Power?
        • In the UK there are 25 political parties
        • 3 largest parties are Labour, Conservatives and Liberal Democrats
        • Others have control over their local constituencies
        • Party leaders are the most powerful an influential people
        • When a party loses faith in people they are forced to resign
      • Role of Multinational groups
        • MNC- A company which act in 2 or more countries
        • Enabled them to make a larger profit
        • They employ 1,000's of people
        • They can choose whether to operate in low Labour areas
        • Impact wages, skills and the environment
        • Some companies influence the government due to large amounts of money avaliable
        • They can afford to fund campaigns
    • Section 2 (Who has Economic Power in the UK)
      • Concepts of Economic Power and Control
        • Those with the most money have the most power and therefore in control
        • The countries with most power are the most industrially developed and resource rich
        • However more recently, wealth is based upon complex interrelations between states
        • Economic power becomes more interdependent on the power of other states
      • Economic Power and the State
        • The UK government needs to fund public services so they place taxes on income, services and products
        • The revenue from these taxes fund the treasury
        • The fund pays for National Health Service (NHS)
        • The government distributes it locally and regionally
        • The local government then allocates the money to places where it is needed
      • Role of the Bank England
        • The Bank of England is responsible for keeping the economy and financial system stable
        • It maintains the value of our money by setting interest rates to keep inflation levels low
          • This ensures steady annual growth of the economy
        • The value of money depends on prices we pay for goods and services
        • Inflation is when prices increase generally therefore everything is more expensive
        • To keep inflation levels under control, the Bank of England alter rates
      • Globalization
        • Countries are becoming more indpendent
        • Many countries reply on each other to keep their economy stable and growing
        • Trade is better and therefore there is improved transport and communication links
    • Section 3 Media
      • Sources: Newspaper, Television, Radio, Internet & Magazines
      • Regulating the Media
        • The press are free to publish stories which are of interest to the general public
        • If something that is false is reported, then we have the right to go to The Press Complaints Commission
    • Section 4 The Nature of Government and it's impact on the lives of citizens
      • Central Government- Parliament
        • Ultimate Authority and Chief law and policy maker
      • Local Government- responsible for a large local area
        • Understand citizens needs and problems and equip the government to work better- a democracy
      • Regional government
        • England is separated into 9 regional assemblies with limited power. Only London has the right to vote for the Mayor
      • Elected Majors
        • The local government act 2,000 local areas the chance to re-organize their structure through having a directly elected Major
    • Section 6 Local Democracy
      • The structure of government in the UK
        • Different levels of government are funded in parts through income taxes, but some services are fully provided for the citizen
        • Funding is allocated to hose areas where it is seen as fit
      • National and Devolved government
        • The central government passes on responsibilities to the Welsh, Scottish and Northern Ireland Governments
        • National
          • Income Tax
          • Valued Added Tax
          • Corporation Tax
        • Devolved
          • Grants from central government
          • Ability to raise or decrease tax by 3%
        • Regional
          • Grants from central government
        • Local
          • Grants from central government
          • Council Tax
          • Non Domestic rate charge
          • Other fee's
    • Section 7 What is the impact of the EU on the life in the UK
      • What is the EU and what does it do?
        • Brings security to Europe
        • Reduces the chances of there ever being a repeat of WW2
        • Boost economics of the countries in Europe
        • Creates legislation
      • European Community (EC)
        • Customs union
        • Agriculture
        • Trade
      • Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP)
        • Foreign Policy
        • Human Rights
        • Battle Troops
      • Police and Judiciary Cooperation in Criminal Matters (PJCC)
        • Drug trafficking
        • Weapons and Terrorism
      • Institutions of the EU and their roles
        • European Commission
          • Propose new legislation
          • Monitor the use of EU funds
        • The council of the European Union
          • Votes and debates on areas such as economic and finance
          • Justice, employment, health & education
        • European Parliment
          • Amends and improves legislation
          • Has the power to scrutinize and dismiss all of the European commissioners
      • Power is shared in the EU between, citizens, national governments and EU as a collective
  • Security Policy

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bethgirlxx

This is so good!!

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