Change in UK population

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  • Created by: gina1997
  • Created on: 06-05-14 19:35
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  • UK population change
    • Family
      • Household sizes have fallen quite drastically
      • 1900 - four or five children to a couple
      • 2013 - most families only have one or two children to a couple
      • Extended family households have increased as life expectancy has gone up
    • Population structure
      • UK has developed a "top-heavy" population structure
      • 1931 - 7% of population over 65
      • 2013 - 16% -19% of population are over 65
      • by 2007 life expectancy was 77 for men and 82 for women compared with 50 for men and 57 for women in 1901
    • Migration
      • Recent migrations include the movement away from manufacturing and mining towns to settlements with service sector jobs
      • South-east drift has caused 26% of the UK population to live in London and the south-east
      • Counter-urbanisation - people are leaving cities to live in rural areas
      • Age - selective migration - retired move to seaside settlements and yound people moving to uni towns
    • Employment
      • Decline of traditional manufacturing as well as job losses in farming and the mining industry
      • People have moved away from primary and secondary employment and have entered "white collar" work e.g services, finance and media
    • Social status
      • 1900 - most people classed themselves as "working class"
      • more people earning higher wages and entering into higher education caused people to define themselves as "middle class"
    • Ethnicity
      • Minority groups (not english citizens) accounting for 8% of UK population
      • 1950 onwards, large-scale migration took place from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Jamaica, Uganda and Kenya
      • Since the maastricht treaty of 1993 many EU migrants have arrived in UK

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