Roots

Another addition to the key info for your Edexcel geography exam.

As I have said before there are more resources if you click my name and the flash cards are named after the specification points.

Precise info and should not be used for a sole revision tool.

Good luck!

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How to examine and understand family history?
Via a local census, asking family members, birth and death certificates and websites such as www.ancestry.co.uk
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Population change
It has rose from 38 million in 1901 to 67 million in 2007.
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Population: family size
In the 1900s it was four or five children and in 2008 it is approximately 2 children.
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Population
In 1931 only 7% of the population was over 65 and 24% were under 16. In 2012, the ratio is respectively similar at 16-17%.
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Population: migration
Moved from manufacturing and mining towns particularly in the north of England. This is transformed to a service industry mainly. There has also been a trend of counter-urbanisation.
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Population: employment
Decline in manufacturing, farming and mining to a more services centred.
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Population: aspirations
1900s: relatively poor and the working class. During the twentieth century, wages rose and now described as middle class.
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Population: ethnicity
The minority now account for 8% and this is mainly because of post colonial migration and more recently in 2004. 100,000 French live in London.
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Factors that have impacted UK population and migration
BABY BOOM-in the 1960s has led to the greying population.
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Factors that have impacted UK population and migration
WOMEN WITH CAREERS-less likely to have the vast amount of children and they usually have them later.
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Factors that have impacted UK population and migration
DISPOSABLE INCOME-Increased spending rather than saving; less money for children and the price of having a child has increased.
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Factors that have impacted UK population and migration
IMPROVEMENTS IN HEALTHCARE-The NHS has led to a higher life expectancy as people are more likely to be treated because they don't have to pay.
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Factors that have impacted UK population and migration
CONTRACEPTION-introduced in the 1960s and this decreased family size.
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Factors that have impacted UK population and migration
NO INCREASE IN WAGE LEVELS-Inflation in prices and so less likely to have children.
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Factors that have impacted UK population and migration
ETHNICITY-More variation.
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Factors that have impacted UK population and migration
SCIENTIFIC UNDERSTANDING-vaccinations, treatments etc. More understanding of staying healthy and so increased life expectancy.
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The greying population (Please NOTE)
They contribute £40 billion extra to the economy than they receive from state pensions etc.
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Benefits of the greying population (+)
+ Grey pound (positive multiplier effect and voluntary work), personal pensions (less pressure on state), over 65 work (more experienced and increased tax) and age specific products (more market,e.g. SAGA holiday).
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Challenges of the greying population (-)
- Taxation will increase (due to the pressure on the state pension), rise in retirement age (young people may resist), NHS costs for the over 85s-more dependent: increase in chronic and brain degenerative diseases,e.g. Alzheimer's.
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More challenges on the greying population (-)
-Single person households: young people are less likely to get on the property ladder and if they do high prices. Pressure on greenfield sites.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

It has rose from 38 million in 1901 to 67 million in 2007.

Back

Population change

Card 3

Front

In the 1900s it was four or five children and in 2008 it is approximately 2 children.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

In 1931 only 7% of the population was over 65 and 24% were under 16. In 2012, the ratio is respectively similar at 16-17%.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Moved from manufacturing and mining towns particularly in the north of England. This is transformed to a service industry mainly. There has also been a trend of counter-urbanisation.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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