The Demographic Transition Model Part Three

Geography Population revision notes covering the demographic transition model.

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The Demographic Transition Model
What are the limitations of the Demographic Transition
Eurocentric ­ The model is based largely on the
experiences of European countries, particularly the UK.
Other countries may experience a very different set of
circumstances which may cause the changes in population
to differ from the model.
Industrialisation ­ Rapid industrialisation may send a country
through a stage more quickly than anticipated. The model
only accounts for economic changes, not social factors.
Migration ­ This is not accounted for at all. The model only
includes the total population, birth and death rate.
HIV/AIDS ­ This affects the death rate massively,
particularly in African countries. However, this is not
demonstrated on the model.
Population Policies ­ This alters what the model has
predicted by either encouraging women to have more
children (China One Child policy) or more children (The
French Pronatal policy). This can cause a country to stop
progressing through a particular stage, or cause it to go
through the model more quickly.
Health Care ­ The model does not demonstrate the
availability of medicine. Advances in medicine can also
cause countries to excel through the model quicker than
Which stage is the UK currently in?
The UK is currently in stage 4. More women are choosing to
pursue a career rather than start a family and medicine is
readily available to everyone for free thanks to the NHS.
However, the UK now has an ageing population, which a large

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