UK A2 Comparative Studies

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  • UK
    • Historical determinants
      • Sport helped establish UK traditions in the Empire
        • In turn the Empire was to influence the development of sport across the UK and across the world
      • Sport developed 3 stages in the UK public school system
      • Class system
        • Class determined income, lifestyle and sporting opportunities
          • EG: Horse Riding tends to be a sport for the upper class
    • Geographical
      • Over 200 people per square mile
    • Commercialisation
      • Television broadcasting sport
        • all male culture - could have lead to crowd violence in footbal
    • Mass Participation
      • Participation Rates
        • 2007 PR risen by 400,000
          • Men participate more than women
            • Participation reduced after 45
              • Money is a determinant as to what sports you participate in
      • National FItness Level
        • men in Scotland spend on average 5 1/2 hours sedentry
          • Highest levels of sedentary lifestyle in the NW
    • Government policy
      • Autonomous bodies
        • Additional £200 million for performance funding
          • Decentralised system of sport
            • Shared by many sporting agencies
    • Sport and the Pursuit of Excellence
      • Opportunity
        • Opportunities the sport brings
      • Provision
        • The facilities available in order to take part in the sport
      • Esteem
        • Respect, admiration, value and appreciation
      • CASE STUDIES
        • Cricket
          • Traditional Sport; one that we took when colonising other countries
          • Game has developed over the years of game play, leading to the game rules and structure it is now
          • Ashes mythology
        • Rugby League
          • High level competitions
          • North/ South divide between abilities
    • Obesity
      • 38% considered over weight
        • 25% diagnosed as obese
          • 20% of under 16s are obese
    • PE and School Sport
      • Intra-School Sport
        • Primary Schools
          • Participation is associated with the participation ethic
        • Competitions usually between school 'Houses'
      • Inter-School Sport
        • Sports matches and competitions between other schools and colleges
          • 40,000 students participate in 2007-08
            • extra- curricular activities
        • 2.4 million into sport in schools in 2011
  • Large areas of countryside
    • Temperate climate- seasonal sports
  • 38% considered over weight
    • 25% diagnosed as obese
      • 20% of under 16s are obese

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