Chapter 1 - The Outbreak of wars

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  • War with France
    • 1450 - Loss of Normandy
      • Trade decrease
    • Heavy taxation
      • Debt inherited from father
    • Chapter 1 - The Outbreak of Wars, 1455-1450
      • Increasing  feuds and noble opposition
        • Courtenays Vs Bonvilles 1440s
        • Gloucester  - Appalled by the Treaty of Tours and critic of the Peace policy with France. Henry feared what he would  say during parliament so therefore arrested him and accused of treason
      • Henry VI
        • Simple man
        • Diligent and sincere worshipper of God
        • Began to listen to the advice of Somerset a little bit too much
        • Poverty of the Crown
          • Overuse of patronage. Most generous examples of patronage = Endowments of Eton and King's College in 1440 and 1443
          • 1450 - Act of Resumption passed in order to reclaim gifts made by Henry
          • Death of Cardinal Beaufort 1447 - Had previously bankrolled the war effort
          • Soldiers unpaid
        • Favouritism of certain nobles e.g Suffolk. Exiled Suffolk
      • Problems with law and order
        • Abuse of power
          • Suffolk protected William Tailboys from prosecutionfor murder
        • Arguments amongst nobles over land
          • Increasing  feuds and noble opposition
            • Courtenays Vs Bonvilles 1440s
            • Gloucester  - Appalled by the Treaty of Tours and critic of the Peace policy with France. Henry feared what he would  say during parliament so therefore arrested him and accused of treason
          • Led to violence after Henry hired Lawyers to investigate claims to land
      • Suffolk
        • 'Evil Counsel' - Claims made by Cade's rebels
        • Wasted money on gifts of land and titles for himself and supporters
          • Seen as taking advantage of a weak King
          • Mismanagement with royal funds during the war with France
            • 1450 -Charged with treason and blamed for financial corruption, loss of land  and corrupting the legal system
              • Exiled - Boat intercepted and Suffolk was murdered by pirates
        • Untruthful and unjust e.g Denied secret deals involving a truce = Marriage of Henry and Margaret
      • York and Somerset Feud
        • Somerset Lieutenant General in France - Replaced York
        • Political exile ? York sent to Ireland to become Lieutenant General
        • York is annoyed that Somerset had loans repaid by Crown, while he did not
        • York felt like he had been excluded and from his rightful place as principle adviser to the King
    • Anger - Adam Moleyns, Suffolk and Bishop of Sailsbury killed
      • Cade's Rebellion 1450
        • Kentish rebels
        • Murder of officials e.g Lord Says
        • Demands for reform
        • Heavy taxation and unfairly levied
        • Jack Cade - Leader of the rebels
        • Call for the return of York
        • Demonstrated the King's inability to cope in a crisis
    • Refugees

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