Neolithic revolution

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  • Created by: Canar
  • Created on: 09-02-16 14:26
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  • The Neolithic revolution-Early to middle Neolithic. 4500-2500BC
    • Long barrows
      • General womb like structure
        • Swollen rebirth and fertility of land
          • Give remains back to land from which they came
            • Ancestors watch over the crops and ensure that it is a good harvest.
      • West Kennet
      • Usually house excarnated remains
        • Sometimes bones removed and used and then put back
          • West Kennet
        • Structured burial-West Kennet like bones together etc.
      • Different levels of development throughout Europe
      • Arrival of agriculture is classic sign of Neolithic-gradual introduction though. Neolithic comes at different times across Europe.
        • Different levels of development throughout Europe
        • Diffusionist logic as most of domesticates have SW Asian origin.
      • Britain
        • Higher temp than present
        • Sea level roughly at current level.
        • Elm decline-climate change? Forest clearing for cattle?
          • More open country.
        • Britons themselves
          • Hunter-gathers to farmers. hunter-gardener transition period.
            • More permanent settlements formed where ground more easily tilled.
            • Changing view of the world from dependence on materials to focus on hard labour.
              • Agriculture provides slack times-use these periods for community building projects-ritual?
          • Funery process varies across different areas.
      • Lake Onega, Russia
        • Excavated 1936
        • Discover hunter-gathers with material culture
          • 1980's British and American archaeologists decided goods showed different groups-rich and richer groups.
            • 1995 concluded that differences between graves indicated differences in preservation rather than wealth.
            • Different interpretations indicate one important thing-we dig up what we want to find, not necessarily what it actually was.

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