Events of The First English Civil War 1642-46

  • Created by: _bella_
  • Created on: 22-01-19 13:54
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  • Events of The First English Civil War 1642-46
    • Edgehill Oct 1642
      • 1st Earl of Essex commanded Parliament
      • King gathered 12000 men to march on London, but stopped at Edgehill
      • No decisive victory + King regrouped to march on London
    • Turnham Green November 1642
      • Prince Rupert's path to London was blocked  by the London Militia
    • Oxford Treaty January 1643
      • Parliamentarians try to negtiate w/ King through HoL
      • Terms were a mild version of 19 Propositions (clauses against Papists)
      • KIng's correspondence insinuated recruitment of Irish Cath. army
      • Charles declines + negotiations failure
      • King believes he will win
    • Adwalton Moor June 1643
      • Royalists take control of Yorkshire
    • Roundaway Down July 1643
      • Royalists take Bristol and Exeter
    • Siege of Gloucester August 1643
      • besieged by Royalists
    • NEW PHASE OF PARL.
      • Used conscription, financial rearrangement (50% more brought in)
      • Afraid of KIngs strength
      • Earl of Manchester in charge of Eastern Association + promote best soldiers
    • 1st Battle of Newbury September 1643
      • Gloucester released by Parl (Earl of Essex)
      • No one wins or loses
    • Solemn League and Covenant September 1643
      • Alliamce w/ Scots
      • Close to Royalist areas of  control
      • More men
      • Scots want religious change in return (Presbyterian England)
      • Scots cross boarder in Januuary 1644
      • Pym dies December 1643
    • Marston Moor 1644 July
      • Parl. Sieze York
      • Royalists= 18000 men, Parliamentarians= 27000 men
      • Royalists sit down for dinner and Parliamentarians strike
      • Cromwell shows efficiency + strategy
      • Used propaganda to make Royalists seem weak and Cath.
    • Lostwithiel September 1644
      • Parl. defeated
    • 2nd Battle of Newbury October 1644
      • King takes  back Oxford
      • Parl= should've won but due to internal conflict didn't
    • Naseby June 1645
      • Decisive battle= NMA out maned Royalists
      • King's military defeated
      • King's private correspondence found and revealed his want for negotiations but had plans to use Irish Cath. Army
  • NEW PHASE OF PARL.
    • Used conscription, financial rearrangement (50% more brought in)
    • Afraid of KIngs strength
    • Earl of Manchester in charge of Eastern Association + promote best soldiers

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