The Death of Lenin/Power struggle

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  • The Death of Lenin/Power Struggle
    • Lenin died of a stroke in January 1924 with no named successor
      • Lenin wrote a testament in 1922, in which he evaluated each leading Bolshevik to decide who would be a suitable leader, and he decided that it would not be Stalin
        • However, it was never published before his death, so the Bolsheviks and the Russian people would never actually know who the next leader should have been
    • Party split after Lenin's death
      • Left
        • Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamenev
      • Right
        • Bukharin, Rykov and Tomsky
      • Centre
        • Stalin
    • Permanent revolution or socialism in one country?
      • Centre and right wanted to invest in industry, creating a Russian utopia in the hopes of inspiring communism in other countries
      • Left wanted to use money and resources to start worldwide revolution
    • New Economic Policy (NEP)
      • Stalin supported the NEP (for the time being) and criticised Trotsky for wanting to abandon it
      • Left wanted to abandon it and force the peasants to produce food
      • Right  supported the NEP and wanted to give the peasants and incentive to produce food
    • How should the USSR be run?
      • Trotsky wanted a more democratic party
      • Stalin, Zinoviev and Kamenev wanted a centralised party
        • Formed a triumvirate against Trotsky


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