Essay plan for why did Stalin rather than Trotsky become leader of the USSR ?

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Why did Stalin rather than Trotsky emerge as leader of the USSR in 1929?
Lenin's death in 1924, Stalin had all the skills needed to survive this power struggle, Trotsky, unlike
Stalin, was not good at playing the game of politicslucky that Lenin's Testament was not read out
openly. This was because Lenin had a stroke that left him paralysed and unable to speak, and his wife
had decided not to reveal its contents in hope of Lenin's eventual recovery.
skills
cunning man. ­ tricked Trotsky funeralseemed disloyal and disrespectful to Lenin.
used his position as General Secretary of the ruling Communists Party to appoint his own
supporters to key positions in the party
also allowed him to control the membership of the party
brought in members whom he knew were likely to support him, while he expelled members who
were likely to support Trotsky
Stalin was lucky that Lenin's Testament was not read out openly. This was because Lenin had
a stroke that left him paralysed and unable to speak, and his wife had decided not to reveal its
contents in hope of Lenin's eventual recovery.
Policies
He adapted his policies regularly to make sure that people would agree with him around
that time
He also made sure that the majority of the party agreed with the policies he
adoptedreduced the amount of opposition
never imposed his views on his colleagues
carefully followed the course of the debate and invariably voted with the majority alter
his theories according to those he could recognise as popular
At the end of the 1920s he decided to go for rapid industrialisation and the majority of
party members supported thishis policies matched what they had wanted throughout
the debate. They felt that they could relate to him.
Socialism in One Country Nationalistic. Russia a role in history as the forever
remembered as the beginnings of socialism the rest of the world would follow in their
leadership.
Personality
more down to earth and practical person
joined party in Lenin enrolment nobody saw him as a threat, they were much more
concerned with Trotsky
Luck
Trotsky remained ill for most of the power struggle
Lenin died at an opportune time had Lenin lived, Stalin would probably have been sent to the provinces
to work for the party
Dzerzhinskyhead of the Cheka and political adversary to Stalin, died 1926 facilitated the infiltration of
Stalin's supporters into the political police which Stalin eventually used against his opponents.
that Lenin's testament was not publicized. If Lenin's negative views on Stalin succeeding him
had been aired, there would have been no possibility for Stalin's victory.
Trotsky's weaknesses
so vain that he did not get involved when Zinoviev and Kamenev stopped Lenin's testament from
being published
. arrogant and dismissive of other party member, there were not a lot of people who were had a
personal loyalty to him. afraid that Trotsky may cause a split in the party,
. Many Bolsheviks also doubted loyalty to the party as he only joined in August 1917.

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He was not able to make alliances and tradeoffs, and
was no good at political intrigue.
had control over the red army which gave him support from younger members, but he did not
have a wide appeal.…read more

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  • He wanted more food to feed the workers in industry.
  • He needed a surplus of food to sell overseas to bring money into the country.
  • He needed people to leave the land and go to work in industry.
  • He wanted an excuse to destroy the kulaks, who believed in private ownership, not communism.

How successful was collectivisation?

  1. Stalin achieved most of his aims:
    • Grain production rose to nearly 100 million tonnes in 1937, although the numbers of animals never recovered.
    • Russia sold large quantities of grain to other countries.
    • Some 17 million people left the countryside to go to work in the towns.
    • The kulaks were eliminated.
    • The peasants were closely under the government's control.
  2. However, the human cost was immense:
    • Perhaps 3 million kulaks were killed.
    • There were famines in 1930 and 1932-3 when 5 million people starved to death.
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