RS GCSE EDEXCEL 1.3.1 The Bible

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  • THE BIBLE
    • OLD TESTAMENT
      • PROPHETS
        • Messages from God.
      • LAW
        • Written as commands from God. 613 laws in this testament.
      • WRITINGS
        • The poetic and wisdom writings told stories and tried to educate people about God.
      • HISTORY
        • History of the Jewish people.
    • IMPORTANCE
      • Contains important teachings like the Decalogue. It establishes the principles of a good christian life.
        • The Decalogue is also known as the 10 commandments.
      • It includes teachings of important saints.
      • It includes teachings of Jesus, who is God incarnate.
      • It is the word of God. It describes who God is and how he wants us to live.
    • NEW TESTAMENT
      • GOSPELS
        • Key events in Jesus' life. They are Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
      • REVELATION
        • It describes the end of the world.
      • LETTERS
        • 21 personal letters written to the Apostles in their churches.
    • DIVERGENT CHRISTIAN UNDERSTANDINGS OF THE BOOKS.
      • PROTESTANT bible only has 39 books in the old testament, The CATHOLIC bible has 47.
      • HEBREW old testament has 39 books which were agreed upon at a Jewish Council. This council was called the Council of Jamnia at the end of the 21st century.
      • CHRISTIAN churches used Greek translations of the old testament and so has 47 books.
      • At the council of Carthage (397AD) the church agreed on which books should be included in the New Testament. It was accepted by CATHOLICS and ORTHODOX CHRISTIANS and was translated into latin.
        • This was confirmed as the CATHOLIC bible in 1546 at the Council of Trent.
    • SOWA
      • The CATHOLIC church believes the bible is incredibly important and the Catechism teaches that the Church has always held the Bible as being holy and alongside bringing the Eucharist to people, bringing the teachings of the Bible to people is a key aspect of what the church is for.

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