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Page 1

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Believing in God

Religious upbringing
Praying... teaching children to communicate with God

Sunday school... learn more about Christianity and God
Church... community
Baptising... bring up as Christian

Unanswered prayers
Omnibenevolent God would answer all prayers
Omniscient God should see and hear all prayers so is ignoring
Omnipresent God but people…

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...having god parents gives you faith in God

Leading to belief in God
God cannot answer everyone's prayers
God may have answered them in a different way that's not clear to humans
Some prayers contradict others so can't be answered
God may want to teach something eg: not revised, ignore…

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For Argument of Design
Anything designed, needs a designer eg: Paley's watch
Plenty of evidence of design eg: DNA
World has patterns and rules eg: the laws of science which needed a designer (God)
Only possible designer for world that's so beautiful and complex must be God
[William Paley]


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If there's always a First Cause then what caused God's existence?
If the First Cause exists then it doesn't necessarily mean the creator was God
eg: could have been Big Bang
Better explanation is that matter of Universe is eternal so process of causes continues
No proof that First…

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Theist Beliefs on Evil & Suffering
Christians believe acts of moral evil are sins because they go against God's wishes
[Ten Commandments]
God wants people to learn about the consequences of their actions so if he stopped all evil
and suffering, there would be no difference between right and wrong…

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Matters of Life and Death

Life after Death: Christians
Jesus resurrected from dead [Gospels]
Christians will also spiritually resurrect like Jesus [St Paul]
At end of world Christians will be raised from dead to be judged for heaven or hell
Soul is immortal and lives on with God after death…

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Devotion through puja helps to gain moksha

Life after Death: Against
Different religions have different views eg: Christians believe in one life & judgement vs.
Hindus belief in reincarnation
Beliefs assume mind can live without body but science proves no mind with no brain eg:
brain dead people need life…

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Free media allows religious views and nonreligious view to be challenged as the issues are
of importance to all
The most advanced societies have greatest citizen freedoms [Sir Karl Popper]

Against Abortion: Hindus
Late abortions are a form of murder which is condemned [Gita]
Gurus teach all abortion is wrong…

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Marriage and the Family

Sex Outside Marriage: Christians
God gave sex for procreation of children so should take place in marriage
Sex outside of marriage is sinful [Bible]
Adultery is wrong as it breaks wedding vows
Adultery is condemned [Decalogue]

For Divorce: Christians
Jesus allowed it after adultery [Matthew]

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Jesus taught it was wrong
Couple make covenant with God that `cannot be broken by any earthly power'
Marriage cannot be dissolved so religious divorce is impossible [Catechism]
No remarriage as no religious divorce, so remarriage would be bigamy/adultery

Against Divorce: Hindus
Condemned in Laws of Manu
Likely to harm…


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