- Sovereignty was established from the Treaty of Westphalia (1648)
- Sovereignty is the central concept for power within a nation state.
- If a nation state has sovereignty they are recognised by international community and they can make decisions and policies without interference from outside forces
- Is sovereignty still important?
- According to realism, governments will only base decisions on the security and needs of the nation state, not based on an international consensus
- Historically nations want to preserve their identity and maintain individual power
- E.G USA in Iraq
- symbolically: UK rejecting the Euro
- Rise of nationalism (Pride of countries)
- Reaction to supranationalism
- Globalisation and dependence on trade to maintain economy- losing sovereignty to maintain relationship with other states.
- dominant nations can manipulate other state governments
- nations being more interested in helping other nations
- increase in military intervention in Bosnia, Kosovo, Iraq
- Nation State
- A state is a coherent political entity that is sovereign. Nationalism is a belief that a nation, or all nations should be self governing
- Foreign policy
- A policy is a plan of action pursued by a government.
- The fact that the plan is foreign shows that it is designed to deal with states relations with other states.
- E.G. Britain's policy is to maintain strong relations with the USA. However, the UK chooses to have a more hostile relationship with the Zimbabwean gov.
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