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Key concepts in Global Politics

Define Sovereignty
Sovereignty was established from the Treaty of Westphalia 1648 (this was the dismantling of
the Holy Roman Empire after many unsettled wars due to how the empire should be run as there were
different religious groups.) Sovereignty is the central concept for…

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-National Security: arms race, `war on drugs', -National security is still paramount ­`war
supported states that opposed or fought on terror' instead of on communism
communism e.g. proxy wars ­Vietnam ­similar rhetoric
-Trade: with nations which supported -Now has out right wars e.g. Iraq
capitalist ideologies and were not -Had…

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Criticises realism for being too pessimistic, as Plato recognised the political ideals were
impossible to achieve
Explains that states can function and relate to each other in a cooperative and unselfish
manner without a world government
States should work with one another with the goal of providing justice for all…

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World Power since 1945
Define Power
One state having control over another, through military, cultural, resources, economy,
geography, history and political status.
Hard power: The use of military or economic power/force in order to exert influence
over other political bodies
Hard power describes a nation's ability to coerce or induce…

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Trade ­ for political and military reasons, e.g. trading with Saudi Arabia means they
gain oil and secure military bases. The US dollar is also used for trade.

Polarity/World Order/Global politics
Polarity: power structure and distribution of power in the international system
Distribution of power in which one state…

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The suspicion and mistrust between nations may hinder world stability
Could invade countries to spread their sphere of influence ­a state is forced to accept a
particular type of government e.g. Eastern Europe during Cold War and so their sovereignty
is undermined
International institutions such as the UN can become…

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The US can cripple smaller economies e.g. Thailand Unpopular foreign policy: e.g. 500,000 child deaths
25% of its exports go to the USA and it was unable to after the first gulf war; Iraq war was strongly opposed by
develop cheaper HIV drugs as the US wanted Thailand many nations.…

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Technologically well developed Highly dependent on trade from the USA and for
Has foreign trade worth $851 billion energy and raw materials due to limited supply
Highest growth rate of GDP in the world Does not have capacity to deploy military force
Has defensive advantages due to the size of…

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-Economic globalisation has also led to cultural globalisation e.g. McDonald's
-International bodies have been created to provide a framework for globalisation e.g. WTO
but are dominated by the US and so poorer nations can be discriminated against
-Lowering of trade boundaries means that people can be exploited as economies are…

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-Maintain peace and security internationally
-Involves helping countries which have come out of conflicts re-stabilise
-Assisting conflicting parties to implement peace treaties
-Peacekeepers involve soldiers, military officers, police and civilian personnel
-Prevent destruction of economic and social life of entire populations and control conflicts
essentially by monitoring
History and missions…




This is amazing! I hope you got an A :) 

Rorik Nevelskoi


This is a saviour! I hope you get an A*!!



Any luck on a unit 4 of these revision notes?



This is the Holy Grail. Thank you!!!!



good job!! 



This is great, thanks so much : )

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