Sao Paulo Case study rapid urbanisation

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  • Sao Paulo case study for rapid urbanisation
    • Why rapid urbanisation is occuring
      • Push Factors
        • Shortage of agricultural jobs or alternative jobs to agriculture in the country
        • Latifundiasystem- landowners take back land
        • High infant mortality in rural areas due to lack of clean water, electricity and sewage
        • Periodic flooding in North East Brazil
        • Lack of schools and decent education
    • Results of Rapid Urbanisation
      • The shanty town is likely to be found on inappropriate land
        • Maybe prone to flooding, steep slope, badly polluted by neighbouring industries, fire hazard due to wooden houses
      • Shortage of affordable housing- migrants cant get on property ladder
      • Shanty town services are non-existent or incapable of basic standard of living
        • Lack of basic services like clean water supply, rubbish and sewerage disposal- risk of disease high
      • Increased Volume of traffic on poorly maintained roads
      • Lack of employment means that people have to look for other ways of earning money in informal sector
        • Lack of jobs= work in informal sector- low paid, menial jobs make up half of cities workforce
    • Attempts to solve problems
      • Clearance of the slums
        • Authorities tried to clear slums but migrants moved elsewhere
      • Site and service schemes
        • schemes whereby the government will provide a site and basic ammenities eg water and sewerage facilities- migrant given ownership & expected to complete work- cooperative schemes- cheap -sense of control over future and community spirit
      • Rehabilitation
        • Provide residents of the shanty town with materials to improve existing shelters-encouraged to set up community schemes to improve education and medical services- residents may be given ownership- authorities provide electricity, water and sewerage disposal
        • EG; Favella Monte Azul
      • Housing Developments
        • Large areas of shanty towns cleared tower blocks built and residents rehoused
  • Inadequate housing and services
    • 40% live in favellas-lack of sewage, water and electricity
    • Results of Rapid Urbanisation
      • The shanty town is likely to be found on inappropriate land
        • Maybe prone to flooding, steep slope, badly polluted by neighbouring industries, fire hazard due to wooden houses
      • Shortage of affordable housing- migrants cant get on property ladder
      • Shanty town services are non-existent or incapable of basic standard of living
        • Lack of basic services like clean water supply, rubbish and sewerage disposal- risk of disease high
      • Increased Volume of traffic on poorly maintained roads
      • Lack of employment means that people have to look for other ways of earning money in informal sector
        • Lack of jobs= work in informal sector- low paid, menial jobs make up half of cities workforce

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