crime and deviance right realism

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  • Created by: Molly
  • Created on: 02-12-12 19:51
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  • right realism and rational choice theory
    • right realism
      • origins from the work of Wilson (1985)
        • argues that attempts to tackle the causes of crime are pointless and the best solution is to reduce its impact upon peoples lives
      • key features
        • 1. value consensus and shared mortality underpin society
          • social order is crucial and individuals should be able to live their lives without fear of crime.
        • 2. people are naturally selfish
          • people are essentially self seeking and need to have their natural tendency to take short cuts by commiting crime
        • 3. rational choice and opportunity
          • people are rational and make choices over any course of action they take after weighing up the costs of doing so against the benefits gained.
        • 4. community control
          • most effective form of crime control is through strengthening the bond of community
        • 5. crime will always exist
          • there will always be some people whose natural selfishness and greed will slip through other controls.
    • the broken windows thesis
      • wilson and kelling (1982) suggest that unless what authors call incivilities, are kept to a minimum then there will be gradual deterioration of neighbourhoods with growing anti social behaviour and growing crime rates as a sense of anything goes develops
      • criticism: lacks investment  not incivilities that causes neighbourhoods to decline, little evidence that tolerance of incivilities leads to crime
    • evaluation
      • it adresses the immediate causes of crimes and provides policies or reducing crime
      • recognizes that if minor problems like anti social behaviour arnt nipped in the bud they may grow into more serious crime
      • recognizes the importance of community control and community responses to crime in affecting crime levels
      • doesent address the wider structural causes of crime
      • suggests strong police presence will prevent crime
      • dosent pay attention to white collar and corporate crime
      • assumes offenders act rationally, but some are impulsive


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