Phil 1:Reason and Experience 

Unfinished- view at atleast 70%, the lock symbol indicates Locke's ideas, and where it reapears there is a similarity/overlap 

http://www.anselm.edu/homepage/dbanach/13-LOCKE-ideas.htm

https://sites.google.com/site/philosophyatkingsmac/

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  • Created by: Ana:)
  • Created on: 26-04-14 18:28
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  • Reason and Experience
    • Empiricists
      • Locke
        • Mind is "tabula rasa"
          • ie. "blank slate", we are born with no innate ideas
        • An idea is "The object of thinking"
          • Acquired through 2 different types of perceptions:
            • Sensation
              • Sensible qualities that are gained through our senses
                • Eg. colour heat etc.
              • allows us to gain ideas through...
                • Reflection
                  • once we have ideas through  sensation we are able to perceive the operations of our own mind within us
                    • Reflection can only be done once we have ideas we have gained through sensation
                      • Sensible qualities that are gained through our senses
                        • Eg. colour heat etc.
                    • eg. perceptions, doubting, believing, reasoning
            • Reflection
              • once we have ideas through  sensation we are able to perceive the operations of our own mind within us
                • Reflection can only be done once we have ideas we have gained through sensation
                  • eg. perceptions, doubting, believing, reasoning
            • We can use the original two types of ideas to form:
              • Acquired through 2 different types of perceptions:
                • Sensation
                  • allows us to gain ideas through...
                • SImple ideas
                  • Ideas from one sense
                    • Light, noise taste etc.
                  • Ideas from more than one sense
                    • rest,motion etc.
                  • Ideas from reflection only
                    • Perception, willing
                  • Ideas from reflection and sense(s)
                    • Pleasure, pain
                • Complex
                  • Relation
                    • Seeing the relationship between ideas
                      • eg. equality
                  • Combination
                    • Putting several ideas together
                      • gold + mountain= gold mountain, even though such a thing does not exist
              • The mind Starts out an empty cabinet
                • Mind is "tabula rasa"
                  • ie. "blank slate", we are born with no innate ideas
                • Which we add ideas to
                  • and commit to memory, then abstract them and add learnt names through reflections
            • Refutes rationslism or  innatism in specific nativism
              • Nativism is the view we are born knowing everything, but no philospher agrees with this
                • Though Plato's views  could be seen as such
          • Hume
            • Disliked Locke's lack of clarity when it came to:
              • Impressions
                • impressions of reflection
                  • From our mind eg. emotions
                • impressions of sensations
                  • From our sensory information e.g. smell
              • Ideas
                • Faint copies of impressions
                  • Idea of refection
                    • Feeling of sad
                  • We have the idea of sensation
                    • Idea of red
                    • Idea of pain
                    • Idea of refection
                      • Feeling of sad
                • Concepts are types of ideas
            • Untitled
        • Rationalists
      • This theory also applies to how we gain concepts
        • Concepts are types of ideas

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