The Idea of God: Phil 1

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  • The Idea of God: Phil 1
    • The Divine Attributes
      • Omnipotence
      • Immutability
        • God is perfect and unchanging
          • Contradicts his immuatbility
      • Eternal
        • God exists within our time: he will gain new knowledge as time goes on
          • Contradicts his immuatbility
      • Everlasting
        • God exists outside of our time: he will never gain new knowledge as he already knows everything that will ever happen
        • Contradicting ideas of God relation to time
          • Eternal
            • God exists within our time: he will gain new knowledge as time goes on
        • Immanence
          • Completely contributing definitions
            • Transcendance
              • If God is transcendent, is there any point trying to have a relationship with him?
          • If God is immanent, then he is also within the evil and suffering in the world
            • Perfectly good and loving
              • God must be responsible for evil, sin and suffering if he knows it will happen but does nothing to stop it
                • God is all powerful
                  • Omnipotence
                  • Savage's Paradox: Could God create a rock he could not lift?
                    • Aquinas said God cannot do what is logically impossible
                  • Can God judge us if he has always known our actions?
        • Benevolence
          • Perfectly good and loving
            • God must be responsible for evil, sin and suffering if he knows it will happen but does nothing to stop it
              • God is all powerful
                • Savage's Paradox: Could God create a rock he could not lift?
                  • Aquinas said God cannot do what is logically impossible
                • Can God judge us if he has always known our actions?
          • Euthyphro Dilemma: are things good because God makes them good, or if they are good independent of God
        • Transcendance
          • If God is transcendent, is there any point trying to have a relationship with him?
        • Omniscience
          • God is all knowing
            • Contradicting definitions
          • "If you understand it, it is not God." - Augustine
        • The Ontological Argument
          • Based on a priori reasoning, argues that God's existence is an analytic argument, which makes it a necessary truth.
          • Anselm's --By definition, God is a being greater than which cannot be conceived. I can conceive of such a being. It is greater to exist than not to exist. Therefore, God must exist.
            • Gaunilo used that analogy of a perfect island to show the logical trickery
              • So if we conceive the most perfect anything then it must exist?
              • But the analogy of the island is a contingent truth
            • Hume said that the idea of 'necessary existence' was meaningless
          • Descartes -  I have the idea of God; God is a supremely perfect being; Existence is a perfection;  Therefore, God must exist
            • Kant said that existence can never be a property of anything and therefore is not a predicate
              • He also said that nothing in the definition can bridge the gap to reality
              • 'God exists' may be true but only tells us about the definition of God rather than the actually existence of God in the world
            • Ferge said that existence is a second level predicate
        • The Origin of God
          • God as a psychological process
            • Freud saw similarities between neurosis and religious behaviour
              • He thought that the idea of God came from the superego where sexual trauma had been repressed, such as the
              • Primal horde theory is that in our ancestors there was a dominant male who was regarded with both jealousy and admiration. When the subordinate males killed him, they were left with ambiguous feelings of guilt and so channeled this into worship. Prayer, sacrifice and totems were used. It became an identity for the group and the longing for a dominant male, a father figure, remains
            • Jung thought that religion stemmed from the archetypes in the brain and so we were all born with the capability to create an image of God
          • God as a method of control
            • Marx thought that religion was a social constrct to ensure control and exercise power as a tool of manipulation as it encouraged satisfaction with life
            • Durkheim believed that God creates solidarity due to a shared belief system, structure and rules
          • The Trademark Argument
            • Like the trademark on an item of clothing, having the idea of God reveals the maker to the creation, God himself to us
              • The idea of God is innate, placed by him into our minds
              • Hume as an empiricist said our ideas must come from somewhere and as we have only experience the imperfect and finite, we cannot have the idea of something infinite and perfect

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