National 5 History Unit 2: Changing Britain- Railways

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  • Railways
    • Advantages
      • Fresh food could be transported into cities improving diet
      • GMT Established (Greenwich Mean Time)
      • Seaside towns established
      • Created many new jobs: Navvies/ticket collectors etc
      • Mail & newspapers transported easily
      • Working class people could afford a holiday
      • Coal & Iron industries boomed
      • s
        • People could live in suburbs & avoid pollution
      • Heavy goods such as coal could be transported easily
    • Famous Railway Innovators
      • James Watt
        • Improved Newcomen steam engine
      • Richard Trevithick
        • Inspired by Trevithicks work building the first steam locomotive
          • 1802: The Coalbrookdale Locomotive - the first portable engine to run  on rails
          • 1803: The London Road Carriage - the first coach
          • 1804: The Penydarren Locomotive - the first train
          • 1808: The Catch-me-who-can railway locomotive, the first fare paying passenger train
  • George Stephenson
    • First public inter-city railway line
      • Liverpool to Manchester railway opened in 1830
    • Famous Railway Innovators
      • James Watt
        • Improved Newcomen steam engine
      • Richard Trevithick
        • Inspired by Trevithicks work building the first steam locomotive
          • 1802: The Coalbrookdale Locomotive - the first portable engine to run  on rails
          • 1803: The London Road Carriage - the first coach
          • 1804: The Penydarren Locomotive - the first train
          • 1808: The Catch-me-who-can railway locomotive, the first fare paying passenger train

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