The First World War

outbreak of war, schlieffen plan, technology, trewnch warfare, attack and defense, assasination of archduke in Serbia

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THE FIRST WORLD WAR
The Outbreak of War
Austria asked Germany for help
Germany agreed to help Austria
Austria sent Serbia an ultimatum
Russia said they will help Serbia
Serbia refused to agree to Austria's demands
Russia prepared to mobilize
AUSTRIA DECLARED WAR ON SERBIA
Russia mobilized
GERMANY DECLARED WAR ON RUSSIA
GERMANY MOBILIZED
FRANCE MOBILIZED
Germany decides to use Schlieffen Plan
GERMANY DECLARED WAR ON FRANCE
GERMANY INVADE BELGIUM
BRITAIN DECLARE WAR ON GERMANY
The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The archduke Franz Ferdinand was driving through Serbia with his wife when a well known gang (The
Black Hand Gang) first attempted his assassination. When they were driving through the crowded
streets, a member of the Black Hand Gang threw a bomb at the car, which bounced off and exploded
elsewhere, injuring one policeman and some civilians.
The driver, unsure about their safety, quickly drove away, and ended up on a dead end, where a
member of the Black Hand Gang just happened to be hiding and so he jumped up on to the car, shot the
Archduke in the head, his wife in the stomach and ran away.
The significance of this is that the Austro-Hungarian Empire was already unstable and with the heir to the
throne dead, this might five Bosnia a chance to break away gain independence. Serbia refused to hand
over the Black Hand Gang to Austro-Hungary, but was ok to refuse as they knew if Austro-Hungary were
to invade, Russia would come to help.
The Schlieffen Plan
The Schlieffen Plan was the plan of the German army to march two million soldiers through Belgium and
then split up so one group of soldiers would attack Paris from the behind whilst the others attacked from
the front. This plan was practiced for many years by the Germans and they knew if they attacked France,
Russia would come to France's aid. The plan was to attack Paris, turn around and stop Russia from
crossing the German border. However there were many problems: Belgium refused to let the Germans
through; on their way to Paris, some soldiers had to turn back as Russia had mobilized far quicker than
expected and so rather than going behind Paris, the Germans had to shorten their course and attack only

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July/August, the Germans were slow as they were wearing wool and carrying
60kg on their backs; Belgium slowed down Germany and nobody thought Britain would come to the aid
of Belgium (Treaty of London), but they did come, and fought at the Battle of Mons and the Battle of the
Marne.
Why did the Schlieffen plan fail?
Germany expected Russia to mobilize very slowly so they could fight France and then turn around
to fight Russia.…read more

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German trenches were more developed and they had dugouts with properly constructed beds whereas
the British slept in fox holes in the side of a trench. Soldiers were forbidden to take off their boots in
case of a sudden attack and in the rain-soaked trenches; soldiers often developed trench-foot, a disease
where their feet rotted due to lack of blood supply.…read more

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Tanks
Tanks were developed in the First World War as vehicles because cars could not drive on to the
battlefields. Tanks had a tread so they were able to go over no man's land easily as the tread meant the
tank could go over holes, through barbed wire and over trenches. Tanks were very intimidating as they
were big, difficult to destroy and could run over and crush people.…read more

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