Anti-natalist and pro-natalist (France and China)

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  • Pro-natalist-France
    • Anti-natalist- China
      • Problems
        • 4.2.1- 1 child looks after 2 parents and 4 grandparents
        • Male infants are more desirable, so leads to female infanticide, abandonment, and selling on black market (female- $500 and male- $1000) and gender imbalance of 100:111.7
        • Little emperor syndrome, where a whole generation is very selfish
        • Predicted 30% of the population will be 65+ in 2025- ageing popualtion
      • Causes
        • Worries that a growing population couldn't be supported
        • In 1940, the population was 540 million
      • Solutions
        • One child policy
          • Only one child per family
          • Household savings have been increased
          • The population was 1.3 billion in 2007, 25% lower than expected
          • Population dropped by 300 million
          • Fertility rate has fallen from 5.75 (1970) to 1.7 (2000)
    • Problems
      • Worries about a declining labour force
      • Worries about an ageing population
    • Causes
      • Not enough infants are born because women have careers
      • More people have disposable income
    • Solutions
      • Code de famille
        • 30% public transport fare reduction
        • 3rd child earns you £1064
        • Free child care
        • 100% mortage
        • Subsidised holidays
        • People have confidence
        • Lasted for 70 years
        • Banned contraceptives- in 1967 was repealed
        • Not easy to evaluate
        • It is not clear whether or not it has worked

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