France vs China

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  • Created by: esmenias
  • Created on: 10-05-16 20:53
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  • Managing population change
    • Pro-natalist (France)
      • Background
        • Wanted to encourage births as more women were choosing careers
        • Stage 4 of the DTM
      • Solutions
        • Made abortion illegal and banned birth control
        • Reduced transport fares with more kids
        • Reward of €1094 with a third child
        • Maternity leave packages, pension schemes for mothers
      • Results
        • Fertility rose from 1.73 1.98 in 2007
          • This is still lower than replacement level needed
          • = Success
        • High rates of women in the workforce
          • Could decrease BR as people choose careers over families
        • Retirement age has been  raised
          • There will eventually be a growing elderly population
        • There will be a huge workforce when older
          • Could cause damage to environment = not sustainable
        • An increased use of public transport
          • Lower emissions and better for environment
    • Anti-natalist (China)
      • Background
        • Wanted to decrease population after Mao's policy ended
        • Stage 3 of the DTM
      • Solutions
        • Strong pressure for use of birth control
        • Family planning workers in every workplace
        • Enforced abortions and sterilisations
        • Incentives for one child (free education, free healthcare)
      • Results
        • Growth rate fell to 0.6%
          • = Success
        • 120 men to 100 women
          • Gender imbalance so men became 'side branches'
        • Stopped 400 million births and reduced BR from 4.7 to 1.8
          • = Success
        • Female infanticide and packed orphanages
          • Dent in pop pyramid and DR for girls increased
        • Ageing population
          • Not sustainable as will use up resources
        • 'Little Emperors'

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