Post Modernity and Religion

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  • Post Modernity and Religion
    • Believing without belonging
      • Davie (2007)
      • Religion is not declining, taking a more privatised form.
      • Church attendance is a matter of personal choice
    • Spiritual Shopping
      • Leger (2006)
      • Children were once taught religion but now lost their religion
        • Cultural amnesia
      • Religion now links to individual consumerism, people have a choice
        • Consumers have become spiritual shoppers
      • Examples of individual journeys; Pilgrims and Converts
      • Religion no longer provides collective identity
    • Jesus in Disneyland
      • Lyon (2000)
      • Traditional religion is giving way to new varieties
      • Shift into post modern society
      • Media plays central role in post modern society
      • Media gives global access to religious ideas and changes the meanings of local symbols
    • Religious Market Theory
      • Stark and Bainbridge
        • Golden Age of religion didn't exist
      • Religion meets human needs therefore demand remains constant
      • Religion provides compensator's by promising the supernatural
      • Cycle of religious decline, religions grow while others decline
      • America vs. Europe
        • Where there is religious monopoly religion declines
        • Without competition Churches have no incentive to give people what they need
        • Religion thrives in USA, the Constitution guarantees freedom and separation of religion and state
          • Encouraged the growth of a healthy religious market
        • Main factor in influencing religious participation is supply
    • Existential Security Theory
      • Norris and Inglehart (2004)
      • Reasons for variations in religiousity between societies due to existential security
        • Western socities have increasing secularisation because they are the most equal and secure
      • "The feeling that survival is secure enough that it can be taken for granted"
      • Religion meets a need for security, highly secure socities have less religion
      • This theory explains why third world countries remain religious
      • Global population growth undermines the trend towards secularisation


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