Population Growth

Population growth in the more and less developed world.

Refers to AQA AS Geography, Population Change (Chapter 5)

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  • Created by: Bethany
  • Created on: 01-04-13 19:29
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  • Population Growth
    • More developed world
      • Slow for several decades.
        • Small fall in population in Italy, Russia, Portugal. Decrease of 4 million in Italy by 2020 forecast.
      • Over the next 40 years, Germany could expect a population drop by almost 20% and Japan by 25%
      • Over 50 nations with fertility rates of below 2.12. UN predicts this will be 88 by 2016.
        • Fertility rate in China is under 2.12, but population will not start to decline until 2040.
      • Low fertility rates in many Eastern European countries e.g. Ukraine, Romania. Economic uncertainty has made many women postpone or abandon having children.
      • Fertility in the USA very high. American people more religious/ optimistic leading to desire for more children?
      • The Japanese government has set aside £50 million to prevent population decline.
      • Some European countries are offering increasing benefits/ incentives for a third child.
    • Less developed world
      • Fastest rates of population growth in LEDCs, yet greatest falls in fertility rates expected here.
      • Average LEDC growth rate (exc. China) is 1.8%
      • In almost 50 countries, families of more than 6 children are seen as the norm.
      • Overall, birth rates are declining in less developed countries.
      • India approaching China as greatest population, with a population of over a billion.
        • Expected to overtake China by 2050.
        • In Tamil Nadu and Kerala, where literacy rates are high, fertility rates are falling sharply (education of women etc.)
        • In the poor Hindi belt, however, tradition continues with large numbers of children.
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