Parnell

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  • Parnell
    • He combined a number of Irish ideals into an Umbrella Movement
      • Made people who were concerned about land concerned about home rule as well
    • He appealed to different strands of Irish Nationalism
      • Used confrontational language to appeal to fenians but not enough to get him into trouble and scare less radical people away
    • Irish League adopted a "New Departure" which were a new set of quite radical tactics
      • Appealed to Irish Republican Brotherhood and Clan na Gael and also set the scene for the land war
      • Liberal government responded to this with a mix of coercion and reform
        • Resulted in the imprisonment of Parnell in Kilmainham Gaol in 1882
          • Kilmainham Treaty 1882- Liberals would release Parnell and take a look at the Land Act 1881 if Parnell worked more closely with them
      • Resulted in the imprisonment of Parnell in Kilmainham Gaol in 1882
        • Kilmainham Treaty 1882- Liberals would release Parnell and take a look at the Land Act 1881 if Parnell worked more closely with them
    • Phoenix Park Murders
      • Splinter group of the IRB called the "Invincibles" assassinated the Chief Secretary of Ireland and his under secretary (Cavendish and Burke) in Phoenix Park
      • Cause revulsion in Ireland and Britain and caused the government to clamp down on violent protest
      • Parnell linked to murders in the press even though he condemned them
    • The Irish National League
      • 1882- Parnell formed a new party with a main aim of Home Rule
      • Party was helped out by The Representation of the People Act 1884 which increased the Irish electorate from 224,000 to 738,000
      • 1885 election- Home Rulers won 86 seats and held the balance of power meaning some Conservatives were even prepared to negotiate with parnell
        • Very powerful

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