The Land Act 1881

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  • The Land Act 1881
    • This was Gladstone's response to the Land War
    • Irish Land Commission established to decide level of rent when there was a dispute
    • Tenants had the right of free sale of holdings
    • Concept of 'Fixity of Tenure' established- Tenants had rights and couldn't be evicted unless they didn't follow certain conditions (like paying rent)
    • Main aims were short term and didn't satisfy all BUT did address the 3Fs
    • Parnell was put in a difficult position- Many Land League members wanted radical change and redistribution of Land
      • Main aims were short term and didn't satisfy all BUT did address the 3Fs
      • Parnell argued that Act was inadequate and should be tested in court
        • Parnell was thrown into Kilmainham Gaol in Oct 1881 under the Coercion Act (supposed to stop people encouraging unrest)
          • From his cell, Parnell issued a 'No Rent Manifesto'- a national rent strike
    • The Act didn't take into account tenants who were in debt
    • In May 1882, Parnell negotiated the 'Kilmainham Treaty' which released him and agreed tenants could have their debts wiped out
      • The Act didn't take into account tenants who were in debt
    • Didn't do much for Ireland in the long-term

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