OCR newspapers media industries

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  • Newspapers Industries
    • Production, Distribution, Circulation
      • ONLINE
        • Distribution + Circulation is the website
        • Citizen journalism too, on sites such as Facebook
          • Facebook can control who sees what - demographics
        • Exclusives can become recycled vv quickly - gossip and lifestyle minimises risk
          • Seaton - oligarchy is protected by big mainstream media still controls companies
        • Social Media are now news gatekeepers - lack of control. Click bait, fake news, citizen journalism - image driven
      • Contexts
        • economics - everything is driven by profits (except the BBC)
        • Decline in expensive international news, focus on celebs, sport and lifestyle
    • Ownership and Control
      • Curran and Seaton - capitalist views, no creativity or quality - narrow opinions
      • Better at gaining social and political profits, not economic profits - owned by rich individuals, no conglomerate,
      • Conglomorate + subsidiaries + circulation (SEE TABLE)
      • Influence of contexts
        • Political + economic = Competition and Markets Authority - government encourages competition to work efficiently
          • Media plurality is a live political issues eg- Labour Party encourages more newspaper readers to help create more diverse voices
        • Political - role of press freedom in the running of democracy. Newspapers are allowed to be bias - yet editors hope that they don't affect the content
          • Leveson Inquiry - Curran and Seaton. Political parties' relationship with the press - not always in the public's interest
    • Funding
      • Circulation
      • Paywall
        • Papers such as the Financial Times - small audience willing to pay for specialised content
      • Membership
      • Print and online advertising
      • Sponsored content
      • Contexts
        • Paywall
          • Papers such as the Financial Times - small audience willing to pay for specialised content
        • Online audiences resist paying for content - self governing ethos
        • Political Context - people think that economically, and because news is so fundamental, people should have to pay for it
    • Impact of Tech
      • Technological revolution in the 80's for printing and hybridisation
      • Digital convergence includes:
        • Audience interactivity
        • Citizen journalism
        • Fast news!
        • Visuals and soft news is prioritised
        • Fake news (lack of regulation)
        • funding has changed!
      • has allowed them to expand their brand (online)
    • Regulation
      • The Guardian tries to create a trusted identity
      • Liberal laws offer more restraint - journalists have to prove the truth
      • Online newspapers have NO regulation
      • 'fake news' = 2016 US election
      • free press helped democracy before
    • Individual Producers
      • DM columnists = Peter Osborne = vv right ring
        • G = more gender neutral; readers set the tone, not  the columnists
          • celebrity culture - columnists are given some celebrity - by-lines and photographs
          • Feminism - rise of female columnists
          • M-culturalism- more ethnic minority staff, but still not equal


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