HideShow resource information
View mindmap
    • What is the New Right?
      • political ideology opposed to an actual sociological theory
      • very influential in the 1980's and 1990's under the Conservative government (right wing perspective)
      • John Redwood (1993) - the natural state should  be the two adult caring family caring for their children
      • Michael Howard (1993) we must emphasise our belief that the traditional two parent family is best. Best for parents, best for society and above all, best for children.
      • Michael Portillo (1993) teenage pregnancy often leads to a whole life of state independence, with few luxuries. The teenage mother is rarely able to gain full education or develop a career
      • sees overly generous welfare state as a  contributory factor in the growth of lone parents
      • regard single parenthood as 'underclass' charcterised by living off benefits, not wanting to work, having shrt term sexual relationships and having children with men who do not see their offspring
      • women should have the caring role within nuclear families. husbands should have the breadwinner role
      • blames the individual for poverty and poor life chances. New right social policies can be argued to reinforce traditional family values
        • 1998 changes in taxation - prevented cohabiting couples from benefiting from better tax allowances than marriage couples
        • 1993 - CSA was introduced, criticsed as being a way for the government to save money as single parents lost out on benefits
    • Research
      • Dennis (1993)
        • examines the relationship between family types and crime. Argues that the social control that was exercised in the past by traditional families has weakened. Men have become marginalised in families as family roles have changed
      • Charles Murray - carried out research in the projects in Washington DC
        • Argued an underclass had been created
          • welfare benefits = unmarried single women raisec hildren alone
          • lack adult role models for children, fathers not taking repsponsibility
          • unemployed young fathers unwilling to work
          • young men on benefits or turning to crime
        • Believed in the traditional family roles
          • children socialised into the right moral norms and values
          • children brought up in traditional nuclear families
          • 2 heterosexual parents who marry then have children
          • sex before marriage is wrong, as is divorce
        • argued polices should be introduced to improve society
          • make marriage easier
          • make divorce more diffuclt to obtain
          • no sex education in schools
          • traditonal gener roles, housewife and breadwinner
        • Found many single mums without regular partners, more than one father to children and living on welfare, not working
    • Government Policies That Support Traditional Families
      • payment of child benefit to mother
      • school fiishes early - assumes a parent (mother) will be home for them
      • limited state provision for elderly
      • Fox Harding (1996) argues housing policy assumes nuclear family gets priority over single parent families
    • Evaluation
      • Strenghts
        • shows importance of nuclear family as children have 2 role models
        • focuses on the young being socialised well
      • Weaknesses
        • biased towards traditional family structures
        • intolerant of family diversity
        • shifts blame from structural factors to the individual in terms of social problems and causes
        • not friendly towards women and their choices
        • favours empty shell marraiges as childrens' welfare of utmost importance


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Families and households resources »