MEEUS & RAAIJMAKERS -ADMINISTRATIVE OBEDIENCE - 1986

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  • MEEUS & RAAIJMAKERS -ADMINISTRATIVE OBEDIENCE - 1986
    • BACKGROUND
      • Holland
      • 20 years after Milgram (original)
      • Wanted to make it as realistic as possible
    • AIM
      • To see whether an up to date, more modern punishment would be obided by
    • PROCEDURE
      • Advert in newspaper (got paid)
        • Volunteer sample
      • 39 participants
        • 18-55, male & female, dutch high school education
      • 15 participants in control group
        • 24 participants in experimental group
      • Psychology Department - University
      • Told they were helping candidates with a job interview
      • 30yr old, stern man - authority figure
        • only present in experimental group
      • Confederate filling out a job application in a seperate room
      • asked to make 15 stressful remarks getting worse each time
      • prods were given each time a participant withdrew their consent
    • Results
      • control group
        • 0% made 15 stressful remarks
      • experimental group
        • 92% made 15 stressful remarks
    • Evaulation
      • generalisable to males and females between 18-55 from Holland
      • lab experiment
        • highly controlled - prods, authority figure, cofederate
        • reliable & replicable
      • people are more likely to psychologically harm someone - higher results than milgram (application to real life)
      • low ecological validity - lab experiment - artificial
      • unequal amount of participants in each group - affects reliability and validity
      • supported by milgram - obey an authority figure

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