Study in detail: Meeus and Raaijmaker 1986

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • SECOND STUDY IN DETAIL - MEEUS AND RAAIJMAKER
    • INFO
      • COUNTRY - Holland
      • DATE - 1986
      • NON-USA STUDY OF OBEDIENCE
    • AIMS
      • To investigate problems which undermine Milgram's conclusions regarding obedience
        • His study was an ambiguous situation as participants were given mixed messages (deceit about danger of shock)
          • This may have been the factor leading to greater obedience; not being in the agentic state
        • He used "old-fashioned" violence on the 'victim'
      • To see whether participants will obey orders, act in the agentic state to give psychological harm to another individual
      • To test the claim that high obedience is universal - a consistent and cross-cultural phenomenon
    • SAMPLE AND SET UP
      • Volunteer sample
        • 39 males and females age 18-35 that responded to a newspaper advert offering to pay for participants
      • Modern university
    • PROCEDURE
      • Subjects led to believe they were they were taking part in a study into stress and performance
      • 1) Actor given job to impersonate a person taking a test for a job application answering multi-choice questions on a computer
        • 2) Participant was ordered to read out insults from a computer whilst they completed the test
          • Insults started mild and gradually became more harsh
          • 3) Participant heard experimenter tell the job applicant "Poor performance on test will affect your job prospects"
      • 4) Participants were given feedback on how tense the applicants were getting throughout
      • 5) Two thirds of the way through the applicant (actor) accused researchers of giving false feedback and withdrew their consent to continue
      • If subjects refused to continue making stressful remarks they were prodded to continue by experimenter
    • RESULTS
      • 92% of subjects obeyed experimenterorders and made all stressful remarks
        • Reported that they "intensely disliked" making stress remarks
      • 96% of subjects fully believed they were dealing with a "real situation"
      • CONC.
        • The level of obedience demonstrated by participants was higher than Milgram's 1963 study
        • It is easier to obey orders to use psychological-administrative violence rather than to obey orders to use physical violence

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Obedience resources »