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Key assumptions

Concerned with the effects of groups on behaviour.
Concerned with the effects of cultural norms on behaviour.


Agentic state- individuals act as agents for others ­ own conscious is not in control.
Moral strain- the consequences of going against your own conscience and doing something you…

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+good controls were in place so avoided bias results, and so cause and effect conclusions could be
draw ­ meaning it could also be replicated.
+well controlled procedure meant that the study is replicable and can be tested for reliability.
-Study was very unethical- no given consent, distress was caused…

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+evidence to back up the theory ­ milgram 1963 and explains the issue that triggered milgram's
theory about the "Nazi" type. And helps explain unacceptable behaviour such as the holocaust.

-expresses 5 different types of power, Legitimate power, coercive, expert, reward, referent.
French and Raven (1959)
- it doesn't give…

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Cant completely link to milgram's study as this is done differently and in different cultures
and conducted 20 years apart so couldn't generalize results.
Ethical considerations- still caused distress to PPs and deception of what the experiment was
about. The non-verbal contract via the $13 may have kept them in…

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To see whether high levels of obedience reported in Milgram's Lab studies would be replicated in
real life settings.


22 boxes of Astrofen were places in 22 hospital wards in America.
The capsules only contained glucose (harmless sugar) Bottles stated that the maximum dose was
the researcher DR…

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day 6 prisoners broke out
day 8 prisoners took over completely and the new system was against ethical rules so had to be

Conclusions- If people are put in groups they cause strong in and out groups.


Not generalisable because all male PP and the personality type relates…

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researched sampling techniques- opportunity
Ethical considerations ­ 5 main considerations withdrawal, debriefing, deception, informed consent
and briefing- declaration on the front.
questions were made openly and closed. 20 Questions
26 pps ­ with 13 boys and 13 girls

Results were even as 3 females and 3 males- obeyed on closed…


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