Football Violence/Advice to Police

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  • Created by: jill
  • Created on: 06-11-14 14:21
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  • Football Violence/Advice to Police
    • Key ideas from social psychology
      • Social Identity Theory (Tajfel 1979)
        • Advise police that fans may categorise themselves as belonging to the in-group and other supporters are the outgroup (social categorisation)
          • Fans may wear shirts and sing chants to identify themselves as part of the group (social identification)
            • Fans may then compare themselves with opposing fans. To build up their self-esteem the focus on negative traits of other supporters (social comparison)
              • May accuse other team of cheating, may shout  abuse at the opposing teams players
                • Advise police to create a superordinate goal as in Sherif's Robbers Cave study to make the groups work together. This will help reduce conflict.
      • Agency Theory (Milgram )
        • Ring leaders may be seen as legitimate authority by other fans
          • Blind obedience to the ringleader as other fans act as agents (in an agentic state) and pass responsibility for their actions to the ringleader
            • Will act in a way that causes harm to others (as found in Milgram, 1963 and Meeus and Raaijmakers 1986)
              • Advise police to identify and remove ringleaders. Without them there won't be anyone to give the orders
                • other fans will then act in an  autonomous state and take responsibility for their own actions. So less likely to be violent
      • Concept of Deindividuation
        • Wearing 'uniform' of football shirt may feel  anonymous and therefore act in a way they wouldn't normally. More likely to act aggressively
          • Advise police to use obvious CCTV cameras as this may stop people feeling that they are anonymous and mean there is less aggressive behaviour


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