- Medicine through time affecting factors
- (In the West) The Church controlled all education, so Galen was always taught.
- (In the East) Personal Cleanliness was encouraged, and hospitals were built. Ideas were being challenged and developed.
- The Church lost power, as old ideas were proved wrong. Women were still being accused of witchcraft.
- Conflict towards the use of anaesthetics during childbirth.
- Pare discovered the dressing of egg yolk, oil of roses and turpentine when he ran out of oil.
- Pasteur blamed germs for disease before he was even in medicine. Chicken Cholera experiment.
- Fleming's penicillin mould discovery.
- Increased government funding on research and public health .The liberal government and NHS.
- A lot of war made travel difficult, however did improve the skills of surgeons.
- Surgeons gained knowledge from new wounds caused by gunpowder. Aimed to solve pain, infection and bleeding.
- Crimean war saw Seacole and Nightengale, and the Franco-Prussian war made Pasteur and Koch rivals.
- WW1 demanded blood transfusions and other new techniques, e.g. false limbs. Plastic surgery also developed and women were becoming doctors.
- Arabs such as Rhazes, Avicenna and Ibn al Nafis.
- Vesalius, Harvey and Pare.
- Nightengale, Seacole, Jenner, Chadwick, Simpson, Lister, Pasteur and Koch.
- Fleming, Ehrlich, Beveridge and Bevan.
- The printing press, the microscrope, the pump.
- Microscopes were improved, X-rays, better steel tools and new machines.
- X-rays, heart-lung machines, plastic and importance of electricity.
Similar History resources: