Manchester Re-Development, Out of Town Retail and Gentrification Case Studies

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  • Manchester
    • Re-urbanisation and Gentrification
      • Northern Quarter: Cotton Industry, hub of economic activity.
        • In the 1960s and 70s 1 mill closed on average per day
        • 1980s - specialised production only
        • After WWII attention was focused away from the Northern Quarter to the Arndale
      • Salford Quays:
        • 'Largest regeneration project in the UK'
        • Salford Quays development plan - 1985
        • 2007 - MediaCityUK
          • 10,000 jobs created and added £1 billion to the economy over 5 years
          • BBC moved in, further attracted other Media developers
      • Metrolink
        • 1999
        • One tram every 12 minutes - suits commuters
      • Castlefield
        • Historic buildings
        • CMDC developed
          • Focused on tourism, business and residents
            • Urban design
      • 2002 Commonwealth Games
        • Catalyst for regeneration
        • SPORT CITY
      • Central Park
        • Business spaces
        • 10,000 new jobs
      • Beswick Neighbourhood Planning
        • 1,100 new homes created
      • New Islington
        • Ecopark, canals, homes
      • Education: 66%  of children received 5 A* - C, compared with 21% in 2001
      • Local people employed in retail
    • Out-of-town Retail centre - Trafford
      • 1998 built
      • built on a brownfield site, 5 miles west of Manchester
      • Cost £600 million to build
      • More than 8% of the UKs population lives within a 45 minute drive
      • 30 million visit each year
      • It has...
        • 1600 seat food court
        • 20 screen ODEON cinema - attracting 28,500 people each week. UK BUSIEST CINEMA
        • Lazer quest, crazy golf, climbing wall
        • 280 shops, long opening hours
        • 11,000 free car parking spaces
        • Access to the M60, M61, M62
        • Bus station that sees 120 buses an hour
        • Traffic control system to reduce congestion and car park waiting times
      • Positive impacts on the surrounding area
        • supports local community projects such as the Royal Manchester Children's Hospital through donations
        • 8000 people employed, benefits like healthcare
      • Negative impacts on the surrounding area
        • most visitors drive - more traffic and congestion
        • impact on Machester CBD
    • Redevelopment of Manchester City Centre
      • 19th and 20th century centre of industry.
      • 1960s decline, Arndale built in 1975, brought people back to the shops
      • 1996 IRA bomb set back development
        • Damaged Royal Exchange Theatre and Arndale
      • Weeks after the bomb the Manchester Millennium Ltd was set up - design, manage and redevelop CBD, long term investment
        • Corn Exchange: renovated, upmarket mall
        • Rundown and Unattractive buildings rebuilt/restyled
        • Upmarket department stores eg. Selfridges
        • Pedestrianisation
        • Printworks entertainment complex - IMAX, gym, clubs
        • Luxury apartments
      • Success:
        • 2003-09 population doubled to 19,000
        • 3rd most popular tourist destination in UK
          • contributed £5 billion to economy and retail made £300 million
      • Still problems...
        • 2001 16% of the population on low incomes, excluded from the city centre

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