English Language: Lexis and Sematics A2 AQA Revision Poster

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  • Lexis and Semantics
    • Denotative and Connotative meanings: the literal (denotative) and associated (connotative) meanings of words.
    • Figurative Language: language used in a non-literal way in order to describe something in another's terms e.g. simile or metaphor.
    • Synonyms: words that have equivalent meanings.
      • Antonyms: words that have contrasting meanings.
    • Semantic Fields: groups of words connected by a shared field of reference.
      • Semantic change: the process of words changing meaning, including the following; narrowing, broadening, amelioration, pejoration, semantic reclamation.
    • Hypernym: words that label categories, e.g. animal, transport.
      • Hyponym: words that can be included in larger, more general categories such as cat, dog=animals.
    • Levels of formality: vocabulary styles including slang, colloquialisms, taboo.
    • Occupational register: a technical vocabulary associated with a particular occupation or activity.
    • Sociolect: a language style associated with a particular social group.
      • Dialect: a language style associated with a particular geographical region.
    • Neology: the process of new word formation, including the following; blends, compounds, acronyms, initialisms, eponyms.

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